By vs. Within

'By' and 'within' may confuse learners. In this lesson, we will find out why and learn their uses and differences.

"By" vs. "Within" in the English grammar

What Is Their Main Difference?

The main difference between the prepositions of time 'by' and 'within' is that 'by' refers to a point in time while 'within' refers to a period of time.

Talking about Time

  • 'By' is used to refer to a point in time. In other word, it shows an action at or before a specific time.

Submit your assignments by Tuesday.

You have by July 13th to finish the articles.

  • 'Within' as a preposition of time is used to refer to a period of time. In other words, it is used to show something happens before the end of a time period.

The product must be used within 12 months.

The tickets were sold out within three hours.

Talking about Location

  • 'By' is used as a preposition of place to show that something is located near or at the side of something else.

The girl was always standing by his side.

They found the body by the harbor.

  • 'Within' is also used to show that something is inside something else or a particular area.

The men were buried within the hotel walls.

The secret passage is deep within the woods.

Why Are They Confused?

Learners with first languages such as Italian may confuse these two words as 'per' and 'by' have the same equivalence when translated into Italian.

Comments

  • linkedin
  • linkedin
  • facebook
  • facebook
  • email

You might also like

By vs. Before

'By' and 'before' are mainly confused when they are referring to time. In this lesson, we will learn their uses and differences.

By vs. At

'By' and 'at' are both used to show 'time' which is why they might confuse learners. In this lesson, we will learn their uses and differences.

By vs. Per

'By' and 'per' are prepositions that refer to measurments. In this lesson, we will learn their uses and differences.

By or Through

'By' and 'through' are commonly mistaken by learners. In this lesson, we will learn their difference and find ut when to use each of them.

By or On

'By' and 'on' may confuse the learners when it comes to referring to time. In this lesson, we will learn their differences and find out when to use them.

Modal Verbs vs. Auxiliary Verbs

Modal verbs and auxiliary verbs are verbs that help other verbs show meaning. In this lesson, we will learn their differences.

Download LanGeek app for free