What Are Proper Adjectives?
Proper Adjectives: Function
As mentioned above, the major function of proper adjectives is to modify a noun. Take a look at some examples below:
I have a
Please note that proper adjectives are always capitalized because they are made of proper nouns.
Proper adjectives can modify nouns and pronouns, or be subject complements in statements. Study the following examples carefully:
He is an
Here, the adjective is modifying a noun.
Here, the proper adjective comes after a liking verb, therefore it is a subject complement.
Proper Adjectives: Types
Since these adjectives are derived from proper nouns, there are thousands of them in English. Take a look at the list below:
- Nationalities: Italian, Irish, Japanese, Hungarian
- Religions: Christian. Buddhist, Satanist
- Cities: Chicagoan, Venetian
- Famous People: Jacobean, Elizabethan, Victorian, Kafkaesque
The Differences Between Proper Adjectives and Proper Nouns
The main difference between proper adjectives and proper nouns is that proper nouns are the names of specific people, places, or things, while proper adjectives are derived from proper nouns. Proper nouns serve as the root words for proper adjectives, but proper nouns themselves do not have a root word. Study the following examples carefully:
I really enjoy watching
Here, the root word for 'German' is 'Germany' and it is a proper adjective.
Look at the beautiful
Here, 'London' is a proper noun and has no root words.