Simple Sentences for intermediate learners

Most of us learned how to put three words together to make sentences in kindergarten: I love puppies! Games are fun! Let's learn all about simple sentences!

"Simple Sentences" in the English Grammar

What Is a Sentence?

Sentences are made up of a group of words to express a fact, a thought, an idea, etc. All sentences have a subject and a predicate.

What Are Simple Sentences?

Sentences consist of one or more clauses. When a sentence has merely one independent clause, we call it a simple sentence. Now, let us take a look at the following sentences:

Sarah eats an apple everyday.

As you can see, the sentence has one subject and a verb and is complete on its own.

My mother talks a lot.

My favorite musical genres are rock and heavy metal.

They go to the office five days of the week.

How to Identify an Independent Clause?

In order to find out whether a clause is independent or not, we can either check the elements of the sentence or, analyze it to see whether the sentence makes sense or not.

Fredrick goes to school everyday.

Here, the sentence is complete and it has a subject and a verb.

I want to kill her.

The cat was sick the other day.


Please note that when we encounter a dependent clause we cannot use it alone and it is necessary that it be followed by an independent clause. Take a look at the following example:

When I get home...

This sentence is dependent because we must know what happens next.


It might be useful to know that there are many subordinating conjunctions in English that connect the subordinate clause to the main one. So, when you see any of them, you can easily separate the dependent clause from the independent one. Take a look at the list below to become familiar with some of them:

Simple Sentences Vs. Compound Sentences

Compound sentences are made up of at least two independent clauses which means that they have more than a subject and verb whereas, simple sentences, just as their name suggests, are simple and consist of an independent clause. Compare the following examples:

I can cook right now.

She said she like coffee but I don't believe it.


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Sentences are formed by putting words next to each other, but we do not always need more than one word to make a meaningful sentence.

Compound Sentences

In this lesson, we will study compound sentences and learn how to create them by joining two or more independent clauses together.

Complex Sentences

A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. In this lesson, we will learn all about this type!

Compound-complex Sentences

A compound-complex sentence is comprised of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Let's get to know it in detail!

Word Order

Word order refers to the order or arrangement of words in a phrase, clause, or sentence. In order to study them in more detail, take a look at this article!

Cleft Sentences

Cleft sentences are complex sentences that have a meaning we can express by a simple sentence. They are used to emphasize one part of a clause.

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