What Are Relative Adverbs?
Relative Adverbs: Functions
- to introduce adjective clauses.
- to join nouns and pronouns to relative clauses.
Relative Adverbs and Adjective Clauses
Relative adverbs can be used to introduce adjective clauses that provide more information about a noun in a sentence. By using a relative adverb, we can start an adjective clause that describes the noun in greater detail. Pay attention to the following examples:
Clause 1: This is the school.
Clause 2: I studied philosophy.
Now, let us see how we can connect these clauses and make them one:
The is the school
That was the day
Relative Adverb: Where
'Where' is a relative adverb of place that is commonly used to specify a location in an adverbial clause. By using 'where,' we can provide additional information about there place where an action or event is taking place. Take a look at the following examples:
That was the hospital
As you can see, the sentence is showing the location.
Is this the café
It's important to note that relative adverbs come after nouns and modify them; otherwise, they are not considered relative adverbs, but rather nominal relative pronouns. Compare the following examples:
Here, 'where' is a nominal relative pronoun.
That was the day
As you can see, 'when' is modifying the noun before it; therefore, it is a relative adverb.
Relative Adverb: When
When is an adverb of time. So we use it to specify the time in a statement. Let us take a look at some examples:
I remember the time
As you can see, the sentence is referring to a specific time.
She cannot believe there were days
Relative Adverb: Why
Another common relative adverb in English is 'why', which is used to introduce adverbial clauses of reason. It provides additional information about the cause or motivation for an action or event in a sentence. Pay attention to the following examples:
As you can see, the person is searching for a reason.
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