Subjects for intermediate learners

In English grammar, the subject of a clause is the noun referring to the person or thing that is doing the action of the verb. We will learn all about it here.

"Subjects" in the English Grammar

What Are Subjects?

The subject of a sentence is the noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that performs the action or is the focus of the sentence. It is what or whom the sentence is about.

Subjects: Types

Basically, there are three main types of subjects and we will learn about two of them here.

  • Simple Subjects
  • Compound Subjects
  • Complete Subjects

Simple Subjects

The simple subject is a single word that is typically positioned at the beginning of the sentence, and it may be preceded by a definite or an indefinite article.

She eats lunch at 2:30.

They are going shopping.

George is wearing a t-shirt today.

Abraham cannot decide what to eat for dinner.

The class is going on a trip to Italy.

The family will come to the meeting tonight.

Subject Personal Pronouns

All personal pronouns can be used as subjects in sentences. Let us have a quick review of them:

Singular Pronouns Plural Pronoun
First Person I We
Second Person You You
Third Person (Male) He They
Third Person (Female) She They
Third Person (Non-human) It They

Compound Subjects

Compound subjects consist of two or more nouns or pronouns. Look:

Dave and Jackie are going on a trip together.

My sister and I will come to the party at 8 o'clock.


Typically, 'and' is used to connect the nouns or pronouns in compound subjects.

Subject: Placement

In English, there are different types of sentences. Below, you can see where the subject is placed in each type:

  • The subject normally comes before the verb.

She talks a lot.

The cat is asleep.

Do you know where we are?

Can she speak English?

Go! (You go.)

Here in this example, the subject is omitted because it is an order.

Speak faster! (You speak faster)


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Simply put, an object is a noun or pronoun representing the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. Here, we'll explain more.

Direct Objects

Generally, an object is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that usually comes after the verb. In this article we will talk about the direct objects.

Indirect Objects

As you know, there are three different groups of objects in English. This article is about indirect objects and their functions.

Objects of Prepositions

Objects of prepositions are used when we know there must be an object after the prepositions.


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