Past Participles for intermediate learners

The past participle is the third principal part of a verb that is most commonly known to be used with tenses. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

"Past Participles" in the English Grammar

What Are Past Participles?

When we want to talk about something that happened in the past, we use the past participle form of the verb. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about them.

Past Participles: Form

When we want to change the verb to the past participle, we must add either an '-ed', '-d', or '-t'. However, remember that we must add these to the base form of the verb. Look below:

Talk → talked

Smack → smacked

Scream → screamed

Learn → learnt

Now, let us analyze some examples:

Today, we learnt how to greet people.

The poor woman screamed to the top of her lungs.

I'm sorry but the enemies killed your girlfriend.


It is important to know that only regular verbs are changed like that. regular verbs have their forms completely changed. Look at some of the below:

Bite Bitten
Speak Spoken
Write Written
Ride Ridden
Fall Fallen

Past Participles: Uses

Past participles can function as different parts of the sentence. Below, we are going to learn all about its functions. Look:

Now, let us examine some examples:

I think you have mistaken me for someone else. (Forming present perfect tense)

You thought he had forgotten you? (Forming past perfect tense)

Shattered to pieces, the vase was completely destroyed. (Participle)

She could heal her own broken heart. (As an adjective)


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