Sentences for intermediate learners

Sentences are formed by putting words next to each other, but we do not always need more than one word to make a meaningful sentence.

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What Are Sentences?

Sentences consist of a group of words joined together to give an idea, suggestion, order someone to do something, etc. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about them.

Types of Sentences Based on Structure

Sentences can be divided into different groups. Here, we are going to see how many kinds of sentences we have based on structure:

Now, let us analyze two of them:

Simple Sentences

All sentences have a subject and a predicate. Simple sentences are complete on their own and they do not depend on any other sentence to be meaningful. Look at the examples below:

I want to be independent.

As you can see, the sentence is complete and can stand alone.

Hannah is talking to her father.

Compound Sentences

In compound sentences, we join two simple sentences together. This means that each of the sentences is independent and can stand on its own. We use coordinating conjunctions to connect them. Let us take a quick look at coordinating conjunctions below:

Now, check out the following examples:

Mom wants to go out, but I feel like staying home.

Here, each sentence can stand alone.

The girls are walking and the boys are running.

Types of Sentences Based on Mood

We can also divide sentences into different groups based on their moods. Look at the following list:

Now, let us analyze each:

Declarative Mood

When we are simply giving information, or giving an idea, or when we are stating a fact, we use the 'declarative mood'. In this mood, we use a full stop at the end of the sentence. Look at the following examples:

Yara and Miley want to go to the movies tonight.

The government has decided to take serious action.

Interrogative Mood

The interrogative mood is used when we want to ask questions. We must always use a question mark at the end of an interrogative sentence. Look at the following examples:

Why can't you stay more?

Couldn't she go to the class alone?

Imperative Mood

When we want to order someone to do something, we must use the imperative mood. In this mood, the subject is always 'you' and it is hidden. We mainly put a full stop at the end of these sentences but if the request is urgent, we can also have an exclamation mark. Look at the following examples:

Close the door.

Get out of here at once!

Exclamatory Mood

When we want to show some strong emotion like anger, excitement, etc. we mainly use this mood. An exclamation mark is always put at the end of the sentence. Look:

Wow! Such a beautiful blue sky!

How dare you!

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Simple Sentences

Most of us learned how to put three words together to make sentences in kindergarten: I love puppies! Games are fun! Let's learn all about simple sentences!

Compound Sentences

In this lesson, we will study compound sentences and learn how to create them by joining two or more independent clauses together.

Complex Sentences

A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. In this lesson, we will learn all about this type!

Compound-complex Sentences

A compound-complex sentence is comprised of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Let's get to know it in detail!

Word Order

Word order refers to the order or arrangement of words in a phrase, clause, or sentence. In order to study them in more detail, take a look at this article!

Cleft Sentences

Cleft sentences are complex sentences that have a meaning we can express by a simple sentence. They are used to emphasize one part of a clause.

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