Relative Determiners

Relative determiners modify nouns within a relative clause. Follow the article to learn more about them.

Relative Determiners in the English Grammar

What Are Relative Determiners?

Relative determiners are used before nouns to connect the relative clause to an independent clause.

What are Relative Determiners Used for?

Relative determiners connect a dependent clause to the main clause. Relative determiners and the nominal relative clause act as an object or a subject for the independent/main clause.

What are Relative Determiners' Position?

using the relative determiner 'what' in a sentence

  1. Relative determiners head a nominal relative clause.
  2. Relative determiners are always followed by a noun/noun phrase.

Here is the list of relative determiners with examples:

What book to buy doesn't matter.

'What book to buy' is a subject for 'doesn't matter.' 'What' is used before 'book.'

I don't know which book you bought.

'Which book you bought' is an object for 'know'. 'Which' is used before a noun.

  • Possessive Relative Determiner 'Whose'

Relative determiner 'whose' shows possession.

I don't know whose book you have.

'Whose' heads the nominal relative clause 'whose book you have.'


'Whose', 'what' and 'which' are not followed by a noun if they are interrogative pronouns. Look at an example:

Whose are these?

What do you want?

Which is better?


Relative determiners are used to connect a dependant clause to the main clause. They are used:

  • as the head of a nominal relative clause
  • always followed by a noun/noun phrase


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Interrogative Determiners

There are three interrogative determiners in English: what, which, and whose. In this lesson, we will go through each one of them.

Demonstrative Determiners

Demonstrative determiners in English are this, these, that and those. They are used to identify the person or thing that is being referred to.

Indefinite Determiners

Indefinite determiners are determiners that express quantity or the indefinite ideas of quality. They agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.


Articles are used as modifiers for nouns. However, some nouns do not need to be modified. In this lesson, we will learn about them.

Indefinite Articles

The indefinite articles in English language are 'a/an'. They refer to a noun for the first time or a general noun when its identity is unknown.

Definite Article

The definite article in English language is 'the'. It is used before a noun to show that the noun is known to the reader. Learn about this useful article!

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