What Are Objects?
Objects: Types Based on Structure
There are three main types of objects in grammar based on their grammatical structure (the makeup of the words):
- Simple objects
- Compound objects
- Complete objects
1. Simple Objects
Object Personal Pronouns
Personal pronouns can be either subjects or objects in a sentence. In the table below, you can see the list of object personal pronouns in English:
2. Compound Objects
As you can see, sometimes we have a mix of nouns and pronouns, but they are all still the object of our sentence.
3. Complete Objects
The flood destroyed
Objects: Types Based on Grammatical Functions
1. Direct Objects
A direct object is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that directly receives the action of the verb in a sentence. The easiest way to locate a direct object is to find the verb and ask the question what? or whom?
He was eating
He was eating what? A hamburger. So, 'a hamburger' is the direct object.
She know whom? Everybody. So, 'everybody' is the direct object.
2. Indirect Objects
An indirect object is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that tells to or for whom or what the action of the verb is being done. It always needs a direct object and always comes before the direct object.
She cooked us
Here, 'us' is the indirect object for whom the action is done, while 'dinner' is the direct object which is the thing that receives the action of the verb (cooked).
I owe him
3. Object of a Preposition
The object of a preposition is a noun or pronoun that comes after a preposition and completes the prepositional phrase. For example:
Try eating your meals without salt.
In this sentence, the noun 'salt' is the object of the preposition 'without.' Together, they form a prepositional phrase.
Lee lives in
One way to identify the indirect object is to rephrase the sentence using a prepositional phrase with 'to' or 'for'. In these rephrased sentences, the direct object typically comes before the indirect object. Compare the examples:
|indirect + direct object||direct object + prepositional phrase with to/for|
The postman gave me
The postman gave
He bought me
Do All Verbs Take Objects?
Not all verbs need an object to form a complete sentence. Here are some important rules you need to know about verbs and objects:
- Only transitive verbs can have an object.
- Intransitive verbs do not take an object.
- Some verbs need both a direct object and an indirect object.
He told his friend
- Linking verbs do not have a direct object.
He is a really nice guy.
Here, 'a really nice guy' is not a direct object. It's a subject complement following the linking verb 'is.'
Objects are nouns, pronouns, and noun phrases that receive an action. They usually come after some main verbs and after prepositions (if needed).
|simple objects||compound objects||complete objects|
They talked to
There are three types of objects based on grammatical functions.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
There are two types of verbs based on whether they can get an object or not. Those verbs that need an object to have a complete meaning are called transitive verbs and those verbs that have a complete meaning without an object are called intransitive verbs.
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In English grammar, the subject of a clause is the noun referring to the person or thing that is doing the action of the verb. We will learn all about it here.
Generally, an object is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that usually comes after the verb. In this article we will talk about the direct objects.
As you know, there are three different groups of objects in English. This article is about indirect objects and their functions.
Objects of Prepositions
Objects of prepositions are used when we know there must be an object after the prepositions.
'Adjunct' is a word from the Latin that means 'join'. They are any elements in the structure of a clause that is not part of its core. Let's learn about them!