Since vs. After

'Since' and 'after' are used to express time. In this lesson, we will learn their similarities and differences.

"Since" vs. "After" in the English grammar

What Is Their Main Difference?

The main difference between 'since' and 'after' is what they convey. 'Since' expresses the period of time between a starting point and the present while 'after' shows what follows another action.

Similarities and Differences

Talking about Time

'Since' and 'after' are used to talk about time; however, a distinction requires attention.

  • 'Since' expresses the time between a starting point until the present moment. 'Since' shows a sense of continuity. In other words, we can tell that the action kept on happening and did not stop happening.

I've kept my distance from her since the incident at the party.

They haven't talked since their last fight.

  1. 'After' expresses the time following an action, event, or period of time. 'After' does not show continuity, unlike 'since.'

She slammed the door after her.

You need to add sugar after you mix the eggs.

Parts of Speech

We haven't won any games since two years ago.

Here, 'since' is a preposition.

I have long since forgotten him.

Here, 'since' is an adverb.

We grabbed lunch since we arrived two hours sooner.

Here, 'since' is a conjunction.

  • 'After' is a preposition, conjunction, and adverb.

We will meet harry after the breakfast.

Here. 'after' is a preposition.

A few months after we moved in, the house still smelled bad.

Here, 'after' is a conjunction.

We arrived first and Harry arrived soon after.

Here, 'after' is an adverb.

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