Pro-adverbs are pro-forms that take the place of adverbs. In this lesson, we are going to learn about its types and functions.

Pro-adverbs in The English Grammar

What Are Pro-adverbs?

A pro-adverb is a type of adverb that replaces a phrase or clause that functions as an adverb. It is a shortened form of an adverbial phrase that can stand alone as an adverb.

Pro-adverbs in English

'Here and there' and 'now and then' are two examples of pro-adverbs that are commonly used in English. These pro-adverbs are used to describe the frequency or location of an action or event.

Here and There

'Here and there' is used to describe something that occurs in different places or locations. For example, in the sentence 'I searched for my keys here and there but couldn't find them' the pro-adverb 'here and there' replaces the phrase "in different places," making the sentence more concise and efficient.

I catch glimpses of the ocean here and there, as I hike along the coastline.

Here and there, the old houses creaked as the wind howled through the night.

Now and Then

'Now and then' is used to describe something that occurs occasionally or infrequently. For example, in the sentence 'I like to indulge in chocolate now and then' the pro-adverb 'now and then' replaces the phrase 'every once in a while', making the sentence more concise and precise.

I like to treat myself to a fancy dinner every now and then.

I take a break from work and go for a walk now and then.


Pro-adverbs such as 'here and there' and 'now and then' are particularly useful in writing, where concise language is often preferred. They can help writers convey their message more effectively and efficiently. Pro-adverbs can also help writers avoid repetition, which can make their writing more engaging and easier to read.


It is important to use pro-adverbs appropriately. Overuse of pro-adverbs can make writing sound choppy and stilted. It is also important to ensure that the pro-adverb accurately conveys the intended meaning. Using a pro-adverb that does not replace the original adverbial phrase accurately can lead to confusion or miscommunication.


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