These vs. Those

These/those are the plural forms of this/that. They're called demonstratives. We use them to identify specific persons or things close to or far from us.

"These" vs. "Those" in the English Grammar


'These' and 'those' are plural forms of 'this' and 'that'. They are called demonstratives. Demonstratives can either be demonstrative determiners or demonstrative pronouns.

As Determiners

As determiners 'these' and 'those' are used to point to specific persons or things near to us or far from us. This distance or closeness, can either be physical or temporal.


  • These is used to refer to persons and things close at hand
  • Those is used to refer to persons and things far from us

These boots are ideal for our trip.

Look at those monkeys up on that tree!

As Pronouns

If demonstratives appear alone and not be followed by a plural noun, they are called demonstrative pronouns.

These are some of the best items of our summer collection.

I like those. Those are more to my taste.

'These' and 'Those' Referring to People?

'These' and 'those' alone (as pronouns) cannot refer to people, unless maybe when you want to be offensive or sarcastic. They are always used to refer to things.

Those are a bunch of losers!

Can you believe these?

When Can 'These' and 'Those' Refer to People?

'These' can be used for introducing people to another or identifying two or more people or yourselves, especially on the phone or at the door. Look at the example:

Mom, these are my friends, Alex, Jaxon and Mickey.

'Those' can also be used for introducing people. Its difference with using 'these' is that, when we use 'those', the people we want to introduce are not standing near us. Look at the example:

See those kids over there? Those are my sons, Alan and Charlie.


Loading recaptcha
  • linkedin
  • linkedin
  • facebook
  • facebook
  • email

You might also like

That vs. Which

In the English language, we have three main relative pronouns: who, which, that. Here, we will discuss the similarities and differences between the last two.

That vs. Those

'That' and 'those' are both demonstratives. They point to a specific noun in a sentence. Here we will briefly look at their similarities and differences.

That vs. Who or Whom

'Who', 'whom', and 'that' are all relative pronouns. Two of them are used as a subject and one of them is the object. If you want to which is which, read this!

Them vs. These or Those

'These' and 'Those' are called plural demonstratives. They can be subjects or objects. 'Them' is an object pronoun. So, can they be interchangeable?

Those Days or These Days

What is the correct choice, 'one of these days' or 'one of those days'? Are they both correct but mean the same thing? Or Do they have different meanings?

One and Ones

'One' and 'ones' are impersonal pronouns in English. They're used in place of previously mentioned nouns to avoid repetition.

Download LanGeek app