# Demonstrative Determiners

Demonstrative determiners in English are this, these, that and those. They are used to identify the person or thing that is being referred to.

A demonstrative determiner is a determiner that points to a particular noun or to the noun it replaces. There are four demonstrative determiners in English:

1. This
2. That
3. These
4. Those

A demonstrative determiner can tell us about the location of something relative to our position; they show us how near or far something is. Near and far can refer to distance or time.

Singular Plural
near to us (time-wise/distance-wise) this these
far from us (time-wise/distance-wise) that those

This chair is empty. You can sit here.

That man over there is my teacher.

These days I'm trying to exercise more.

How much are those apples at the back?

This, that, these and those are both demonstrative determiners and demonstrative pronouns. The difference between them is:
A demonstrative determiner always comes with a noun: that car, those people.
A demonstrative pronoun always comes alone and is not accompanied by a noun, for example:

That is my son over there, Sam.

Someone left their shoes. Whose are these?

This isn't what I meant at all.

I want those glasses. Those are gorgeous.

### Review

Demonstrative determiners are such as demonstrative pronouns, the only difference between these two is that 'determiners' must be followed by nouns. Demonstrative determiners are picked based on their number and distance.

Number Distance Example
This singular close This book shares different feelings of mothers.
That singular far That man standing over there is the manager of the school.
These plural close These paper clips help you divide the book's chapters.
Those plural far I don't know those people, but they seem friendly.

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#### Possessive Determiners

Possessive determiners are types of function words used before a noun to show who owns or possesses something.

#### Interrogative Determiners

There are three interrogative determiners in English: what, which, and whose. In this lesson we will go through each one of them.

#### Indefinite Determiners

Indefinite determiners are determiners that express quantity or the indefinite ideas of quality. They agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.

#### Indefinite Articles

The indefinite articles in English language are 'a/an'. They refer to a noun for the first time or a general noun when its identity is unknown.

#### Definite Article

The definite article in English language is 'the. It is used before a noun to show that the noun is known to the reader. Learn about this useful article!