Those

'Those' is a plural demonstrative pronoun. In this part, we will go through its uses and grammatical rules in English grammar.

The Pronoun "Those" in the English Grammar

Those is the plural of that. Those can be the subject or the object of a sentence. In this lesson, we will discuss when and how to use it.

1. 'Those' as a Demonstrative Determiner

Use

Those as a demonstrative determiner is used to show which nouns or noun phrases we refer to. Those is used both for people or things. Look at its uses now:

  • Those is used to refer to people or things that are far from the speaker. For example:

Those clouds show that it will rain soon.

Those people were so mean.

  • Those is used to refer to people or things that have already been mentioned, for example:

Those things that you said yesterday really bothered me.

I want to buy those books. The ones you were talking about yesterday.

  • Those is used to refer to known and familiar things or people. Look:

What do you think about those people?

'Those people' is familiar to the speaker and the interlocutor.

Position in a Sentence

Those as a demonstrative determiner modifies and precedes a noun or a noun phrase. Look:

Those people were so mean.

'People' is a noun.

2. 'Those' as a Demonstrative Pronoun

Use

Those as a demonstrative pronoun can replace a noun and become the subject or the object of a sentence. Those as a pronoun is used in the following cases:

  • Those is used to refer to people or things that are away from the speaker. Such as:

Look at those! They are coming this way.

'Those' is the object.

  • Those is used to refer to people or things that have already been mentioned or identified, like:

I don't want to eat those, they smell awful.

Alex wants to sell his houses but those are really expensive.

'Those' refers to 'his houses.'

  • Sometimes we use those instead of 'people,' Like:

Those who failed the exam are not allowed to go on this trip.

Position in a Sentence

Those as a demonstrative pronoun replaces the subject or the object of the sentence. Look:

I don't want to eat those, they smell awful.

'Those' replaces the object of 'I don't want to eat.'

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