Future Simple Tense in English Grammar

Future Simple Tense in English Grammar

In this lesson, you will learn the easiest way to talk about the future in English, and that is by using the word ‘will’.

Future Simple Tense in English Grammar

Future Simple with Will

Future simple with 'will' is one of the ways of talking about future events and plans. Future simple with ‘will’ is one of the rare cases in English that need an auxiliary verb in affirmative sentences as well as negative sentences and questions.

Good to Know

Remember that when talking about the future, ‘will’ is more formal than ‘to be going to’ and therefore it is seen a lot in writings as well.

Will as an Auxiliary Verb

In order to make sentences in future simple you need an auxiliary verb, which is ‘will.’ This verb is an indicator of future, so whenever you see it as an auxiliary, you are looking at a sentence about the future. Remember that auxiliary verbs are helping verbs and you should use a main verb after them in the sentence.

Future Simple with Will: Structure

When you want to make affirmative sentences in future simple, you need to add ‘will’ to the subject at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the base form of your main verb. The main verb after ‘will’ cannot take the third person ‘s’ or ‘ing’ and it has to be in its simple form. Look at the following example:

Julia will move out of the dormitory by the end of the week .

You can also use the contracted form of ‘will’. To do so, add ‘’ll’ to your subject instead of ‘will.’ Remember that, contracted forms are informal and therefore they are used mostly in speaking rather than writing.

She'll be so sad when she finds out her dog passed away .

Future Simple with Will: Negation

Now that you know how to make affirmative sentences about the future, making negative sentences is easy. All you have to do is add ‘not’ to ‘will’ and your sentence will become negative. See the example below:

Karen will not go to the funeral next week .

You can also use the contracted and informal form of will not, which is ‘won’t.’

They won’t invite many guests ; only close friends and family .

Future Simple with Will: Questions

We already talked about affirmative and negative sentences with ‘will’; then, we discuss how you can make yes/no questions and wh- questions about the future. Yes/no questions in future simple are basically affirmative sentences with a different word order. To make these questions, you need ‘will’ at the beginning to help you make the question, and the subject and main verb follow right after.

Sarah will help Allan paint his house . → Will Sarah help Allan paint his house ?

They will pass the test . → Will they pass the test ?

As is evident by the name, you need wh- question words to make wh- questions. Wh- question words are: what, when, where, who, how, why.
To make a wh- question, bring the wh- word to the beginning and add your auxiliary verb, ‘will’, to it. The subject and base form of the main verb come next. Look at the following examples:

I will give your book back on Wednesday . → When will you give me my book back ?

Jane will make sandwiches for everybody . → Who will make sandwiches for everybody ?

Future Simple with Will: Uses

You can use future simple with ‘will’ for the following purposes:

Prediction

  • We often use the future simple tense to make a prediction about future facts and for things that are less certain. (We are saying what we think will happen.)

It will snow tomorrow .

I think Mr . Jackson will give the speech .

  • We can use the future simple tense if we have a firm plan or decision when the main verb is be.

I'll be in London tomorrow .

Will you be at work tomorrow ?

Spontaneous Decisions

  • We use the future simple tense with the pronouns ‘I’ or ‘We’ when there is no plan or decision to do something. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking.

Don't worry , I will help you study for the math exam .

Wait , I'll get a pen .

Promises

  • We use the future simple tense to talk about wanting to do something or not wanting to do something in the future.

I will do it tomorrow .

I won't go !

Offers

  • We use the future simple tense to make an offer.

I'll help you with your homework .

Requests

  • We use the future simple tense in the interrogative form to make a request.

Will you marry me ?

Will you take this man as your lawfully wedded husband ?

the First Conditional

If it doesn't rain , we'll go to the park .

If I need help , I will tell you .

Opinions, Hopes, Uncertainties, or Assumptions

  • We use the simple future to talk about an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future.

You won’t finish it in just one day .

He will probably come back tomorrow .

It will rain tomorrow anyway .

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