Future Simple Tense in English Grammar
In this lesson, you will learn the easiest way to talk about the future in English, and that is by using the word ‘will’.
Future Simple with Will
Future simple with 'will' is one of the ways of talking about future events and plans. Future simple with ‘will’ is one of the rare cases in English that need an auxiliary verb in affirmative sentences as well as negative sentences and questions.
Good to Know
Remember that when talking about the future, ‘will’ is more formal than ‘to be going to’ and therefore it is seen a lot in writings as well.
Will as an Auxiliary Verb
In order to make sentences in future simple you need an auxiliary verb, which is ‘will.’ This verb is an indicator of future, so whenever you see it as an auxiliary, you are looking at a sentence about the future. Remember that auxiliary verbs are helping verbs and you should use a main verb after them in the sentence.
Future Simple with Will: Structure
When you want to make affirmative sentences in future simple, you need to add ‘will’ to the subject at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the base form of your main verb. The main verb after ‘will’ cannot take the third person ‘s’ or ‘ing’ and it has to be in its simple form. Look at the following example:
You can also use the contracted form of ‘will’. To do so, add ‘’ll’ to your subject instead of ‘will.’ Remember that, contracted forms are informal and therefore they are used mostly in speaking rather than writing.
Future Simple with Will: Negation
Now that you know how to make affirmative sentences about the future, making negative sentences is easy. All you have to do is add ‘not’ to ‘will’ and your sentence will become negative. See the example below:
You can also use the contracted and informal form of will not, which is ‘won’t.’
Future Simple with Will: Questions
We already talked about affirmative and negative sentences with ‘will’; then, we discuss how you can make yes/no questions and wh- questions about the future. Yes/no questions in future simple are basically affirmative sentences with a different word order. To make these questions, you need ‘will’ at the beginning to help you make the question, and the subject and main verb follow right after.
As is evident by the name, you need wh- question words to make wh- questions. Wh- question words are: what, when, where, who, how, why.
To make a wh- question, bring the wh- word to the beginning and add your auxiliary verb, ‘will’, to it. The subject and base form of the main verb come next. Look at the following examples:
Future Simple with Will: Uses
You can use future simple with ‘will’ for the following purposes:
- We often use the future simple tense to make a prediction about future facts and for things that are less certain. (We are saying what we think will happen.)
- We can use the future simple tense if we have a firm plan or decision when the main verb is be.
- We use the future simple tense with the pronouns ‘I’ or ‘We’ when there is no plan or decision to do something. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking.
- We use the future simple tense to talk about wanting to do something or not wanting to do something in the future.
- We use the future simple tense to make an offer.
- We use the future simple tense in the interrogative form to make a request.
the First Conditional
- We use the simple future with 'will' in the first conditional.
Opinions, Hopes, Uncertainties, or Assumptions
- We use the simple future to talk about an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future.