Anything vs. Anything Else

What is the difference between 'anything' and 'anything else'? Do they have the same meaning? Let's see their similarities and differences.

"Anything" vs. "Anything Else" in English Grammar

What Does 'Else' Mean?

The adverb 'else' is used after words that begin with prefixes like 'some-', 'every-', 'any-', and 'no-' and has a sense of exclusion hidden in its meaning. There is a hint of 'but' or 'except' in it.

  1. 'Else' means besides or in addition to 'someone', 'something', 'anyone', 'anything', etc.
  2. 'Else' is used to talk about a different person, thing, place, etc.

Consider these two sentences:

Is there anything I can do for you?

In the first example, 'the speaker is generally asking if there's anything he can do. He might not have done a thing for the listener already.

Is there anything else I can do for you?

As in the second example, it means 'the speaker has already done one or more things for the listener. But he's asking if there's anything BESIDES the thing(s) he's already done'.

Look at another example and note how 'else' makes a difference between the first and second examples:

I couldn't think of anything else to say.

If you say 'anything else', it means you have already said one or few things and you cannot think about saying anything else.

I couldn't think of anything to say.

If you omit 'else', what you are saying is that you have not said even one word.

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