# If-clausesfor intermediate learners

If-clauses are used to express that the action of the main clause. There are three types of if-clauses. In this lesson, we will discuss them.

## What Are If-clauses?

When we want to show that something will/will not happen if something else takes place, we use 'if-clauses' that are also called conditional sentences. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

## Types of If-clauses

We have three types of 'If-clauses' in English. However, we are going to learn about two of them, here. Look:

## 'If-clauses' Type I

When we are talking about something that we like to happen in the future, we use the first type of 'If-clauses'. The imaginary situation is likely to happen. Look:

If I win the lottery, I will buy y'all delicious cupcakes.

As you can see, it might happening in the future.

If she talks to the professor now, she might be able to solve her problem.

### Form

In this case, we use the simple present tense with the 'If-clause' and we mainly use the future modal verbs in the main clause. Look:

If Miley loses all the money to that man, everything we have gained will turn to dust.

The guests will leave if you keep misbehaving like this, George.

## 'If-clauses' type II

When we want to talk about an imaginary situation in the past or in the future, we can use the second type of 'If-clauses'. Look below:

If we talked too loud, they would throw us out of the room.

She would kill us if we told her what we had done.

### Form

In this case, we use the simple past tense in the 'If-clause' and modals with past-in-the-future in the independent clause. Look:

If she wrote this letter, she would be punished badly.

I would get extremely excited if he let me play the electric guitar.

### Tip!

It is useful to know that whenever we have the 'If-clause' at the beginning of the sentence, we must have a comma after it. However, when the independent clause comes first, there is no need for a comma. Compare:

If the girl studies hard, she might get accepted in Harvard University.

She might get accepted in Harvard University if she studies hard.

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#### Independent Clauses

Independent clauses can stay alone and they are used as a whole meaningful sentence. In this lesson, we will learn about them.

#### Restrictive and Non-restrictive Clauses

Restrictive clauses and phrases are necessary while non-restrictive clauses are not necessary for the sentence to have a meaningful thought.

#### Participle Clauses

To get to know participle clauses, first of all, you have to be familiar with the concept of participles and clauses separately.

#### Non-finite Clauses

Non-finite clauses are based on to-infinitive and participles. They are actually subordinate clauses. Let us learn all about them.

#### Participles

A participle is a word that is formed from a verb and is used to make compound verb forms. We have 2 kinds of participles: past and present participle.

#### Present Participles

Present participles are one of the key features of English language. It is a form of verb that ends in '-ing.' In this lesson, we will learn more about them.