Much

'Much' is a commonly-used word in the English language and has many functions. In this lesson, we will learn more about it.

How to Use "Much" in the English Grammar

Much is used in different texts and in this lesson, we have tried to cover its functions to clarify when to use it.

Functions of 'Much'

1. 'Much' as a Determiner

Use

Much as a determiner is used before uncountable nouns, in questions and negative sentences.

  • Much is used before uncountable nouns to show something is large in amount or extent. For example:

It required much time and effort.

We spent so much money than we wanted.

  • Much is used in questions and negations, before uncountable nouns. Like:

How much money do you want?

I don't need much time.

He doesn't know much German.

not much of a

In not much of a 'much' is a pre-determiner used before nouns it modifies. For example:

She's not much of a baker.

She's not a very good baker.

Position in a Sentence

Much as a determiner is used before nouns to modify them. Look:

He doesn't know much German.

'Much' modifies 'German.'

It required much time and effort.

2. 'Much' as an Adverb

Use

Much as an adverb is used in three ways to modify the verb, adjective, or another adverb; take a look:

  • Much as an adverb means 'to a great degree or extent.' Look:

Thank you very much.

'Much' modifies the adverb 'very.'

I am feeling much happier right now.

'Much' modifies the adjective 'happier.'

  • Much means 'very, extremely.' Take a look:

I am much interested in it.

He is much good at it.

  • Much as an adverb means 'frequently, often.' Look:

I don't go there much.

Do you take a bath much?

Position in a Sentence

Much as an adverb is used in different positions as it can modify the verb, the adjective, or another adverb. Look:

I don't go there much.

'Much' is at the end of the sentence and modifies the verb.

He is much good at it.

'Much' comes before an adjective.

Thank you very much.

'Much' comes after the adverb 'very.'

as much as

In as much as 'much' is an adverb and it is used to add information to the verb and compares two things. It has a similar meaning to 'equally.' Look:

He likes football as much as he likes basketball.

He likes football and basketball equally.

3. 'Much' as a Pronoun

Use

Much as a pronoun is used to refer to a noun it replaces. 'Much', in this case, means a large amount. For example:

Much was said but all of them were nonsense,

'Much' replaces the subject and means 'a large amount.'

I gained much from this experience.

Position in a Sentence

Much as a pronoun can be the subject or the object of the sentence. Like:

I gained much from this experience.

'Much' is the direct object.

Not much is known about him.

'Much' is the subject.

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