'Though' and 'however' function as contrasting words. In this lesson, we will learn their uses, differences, and similarities.

"Though" vs. "However" in the English grammar

What Is Their Main Difference?

The main difference between 'though' and 'however' is in their parts of speech. 'Though' is a conjunction while 'however' is an adverb.

Parts of Speech

'Though' is a subordinating conjunction. It is used to connect an independent clause with a dependent clause.
'However' is a conjunctive adverb. It is used to join two clauses.

We were happy though we were worried about Nina.

We were happy; however we were worried about Nina.

Meaning

'Though' and 'however' show that something has happened in spite of a hurdle. To put it simply, they show the meaning 'but' and 'despite.' Watch:

He smiled though he was depressed.

He smiled; however he was depressed.

Position in a Sentence

'Though' can be placed at the beginning and the middle of the sentence. Note that 'though' introduces the contrast clause. When we use 'though' at the beginning of a sentence, the contrast clause gets a comma.
'However' can be used at the middle of the two sentences or clauses. 'However' also introduces the contrast clause or sentence. It is placed at the beginning of the contrast clause or sentence and has a comma right after it.

I was scared though I remained calm.

Though I remained calm, I was scared.

I was scared. However, I remained calm.

Formality

'Though' is informal and it is mainly used in spoken English. 'However' is formal and it can be used in both written and spoken English.

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