What Are Fractions?
Fractions are a way of expressing a part of a whole or a ratio of two numbers. A fraction consists of two numbers separated by a horizontal or diagonal line.
Why Do We Use Fractions?
Different Parts of a Fraction
Here are the different parts of a fraction:
- numerator: is placed above the dividing line and indicates the parts that are selected. It is always a cardinal number
- dividing line: a horizontal or diagonal bar which separates the parts of a fraction.
- denominator: is placed under the dividing line and represents the total number of equal parts in the whole. It is always an ordinal number.
There are four different types of fractions:
- Unit fractions
- Proper fractions
- Improper fractions
- Mixed fractions
This is when the numerator is '1' and we read the denominator in a singular form.
|1/2||One half or a half|
|1/4||One forth or a quarter|
- when the denominator is 2, the fraction is called a half (not a 'second')
- when the denominator is 4, the fraction is called a quarter (not a 'fourth')
I need two
'Halves' is the irregular plural form of 'half.'
When the numerator of a fraction is bigger than '1', the denominator is read in plural form.
This is when the numerator is bigger than or equal to the denominator.
This is when there is a whole number next to a unit or proper fraction. To say the number, we say the whole number first followed by 'and' and finally the fraction number.
|6 3/5||Six and three fifths|
|2 3/4||Two and three fourths|
|4 1/2||Four and a half|
I need to cut a board that is
I walked for
Do not mix figures and words.
2 thirds decrease')
What Are Decimals?
Numbers smaller than one can be shown by decimals. In English, decimal numbers are separated by a decimal point and not a comma.
How to Read Out Decimals?
the numbers after the decimal point are read out digit by digit, not as a compound number.
|Decimal number||Written form|
|0.2||Zero point two|
|0.25||Zero point two five|
|1.032||One point zero three two|
|12.025||Twelve point zero two five|
|12.006||Twelve point zero zero six|
Remember that in English, we use a decimal point for decimal numbers and a comma to separate thousands.
twelve point zero two five
twelve thousand and twenty five
We never use hundred and thousand after the decimal point.
What are Percentages
Percentages are easy and commonly used in our everyday conversations. A percentage is a number or ratio that expresses a fraction of 100 with the symbol '%'. To read them, we say the number and then the word percent. Check out some examples:
|Percentages||How to Say|
|90.5%||ninety point five percent|
|100%||a/one hundred percent|
We can also turn percentages into decimal numbers:
|Percentage||In decimal number|
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