# Numbers

If math describes how the world works, numbers are the alphabet that makes math possible. In this lesson, we will discover all about them.

## What are Numbers?

Numbers are mathematical objects, we use them to express quantity. We use numbers to count, label, and measure. We can see the use of numbers everywhere, we use them to tell dates, phone numbers, and so on.

## Types of Numbers in English Grammar

There are two main groups of numbers in English grammar:

## Cardinal Numbers

Cardinal numbers (also called cardinals) are used to show a general number of people, animals, or things such as two, six, twelve, five hundred. They show how many of those things or people there are.

### Placement

Cardinal numbers are commonly used as determiners. In other words, they are typically used before nouns.

I love my pets. I have two dogs, one cat and five hamsters.

When used as a determiner, they can also take pre-determiners such as articles or possessive determiners before them. For example:

My two dogs are called Jay-Jay and Milly.

We can use cardinal numbers with the structure:

cardinal numbers + of + determiners

Five of my friends are college graduates.

### Tip!

Cardinal numbers can also be used as nouns:

People came to the theater in twos and threes.

### Numbers Bigger Than Twenty

If you want to write numbers bigger than twenty, you should use a hyphen between parts of the compound number. In other words, hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine. For example:

thirty-three trees, twenty-seven books

### Numbers Bigger Than 100

With numbers bigger than 100, you should use a hyphen between compound numbers after the word 'and.'
For 100, we can either use the definite article 'a' or use 'one.'

a/one hundred and thirty-three

eight hundred and seventy-nine

In American English, people normally do not use the word 'and':

three hundred fifty-six

### Numbers Bigger Than 1,000

For numbers bigger than 1,000, put a hyphen between compound numbers and use the word 'and'. You can
use either the indefinite article 'a' or 'one' for 1,000.

Remember to use a comma to separate three digits → 80,000.

a/one thousand (and) one hundred (and) twenty-one

In American English and is mostly not used.

three hundred (and) five thousand (and) two hundred (and) thirty-four

### Number 0

The number 0 has many names:

• in telephone numbers, codes, etc. → oh
• in measurements and temperature → zero
• in British English → nought
• in sports commentary → nil
• in tennis → love

## What Are Ordinal Numbers?

Ordinal numbers are used to show the position of something in a list or in a row, that's why we call them ordinal. Here are a few examples:

This is the third time you call me, what do you want from me?

She is the eleventh in the queue.

## How to Make Ordinal Numbers?

Most of the numbers get th at the end to change to an ordinal number except the first three numbers. Check out the table below:

 first (1st) twentieth (20th) second (2nd) thirtieth (30th) third (3rd) fortieth (40th) fourth (4th) fiftieth (50th) fifth (5th) sixtieth (60th) sixth (6th) seventieth (70th) seventh (7th) eightieth (80th) eighth (8th) ninetieth (90th) ninth (9th) hundredth (100th) tenth (10th) thousandth (1000th)

Now let us take a look at the numbers that have two parts such as twenty-one:

 twenty-first (21st) one hundred and thirty-first (131th) twenty-second (22nd) two hundred and forty-fifth (245th) twenty-third (23rd) three hundred and fifty-seventh (357th)

## When Do We Use Ordinal Numbers?

Ordinal numbers are used in many different cases as follows:

### Fractions

A fraction is a particular form of writing numbers. Fractions are used to express a part of a whole or a collection. Here are some examples:

Two-eighth of the cake is mine.

fraction

One-third of this pizza is missing.

## Roman Numerals

The letters: I, V, X, L, C, D, and M in the Latin alphabet were used to express numbers in ancient Greece, nowadays we still use them in some cases, Let's is an example:

Alice III → Alice the third.

Roman number

## Telling the Dates and Century

My birthday is on June the sixth.

telling the dates

The castle was built in the thirteenth century.

## How to Write Ordinal Numbers

When we want to write the ordinal numbers in the number form you should use the last two letters in a smaller form after the cardinal number, for example:

• first = 1st
• second = 2nd
• third = 3rd
• fourth = 4th

## Talking about Money & Prices

Each country has its own system of money, such as the Dollar in the USA, the Pound in the UK, and the Euro in European countries. There are different ways to say the prices, Let's go through the common ones:

### One, Two, Three Digit Prices

\$4.20 → Four-twenty

just say the numbers

\$4.20 → Four dollars (and) twenty

saying "and" is more common in british english, and americans mostly don't say it.

\$4.20 → Four dollars and twenty cents

we have said the units and the numbers and this is the formal way

\$580

if the price is an exact number of pounds, euros or dollars we should say it completely.

£100→ a hundred pounds

the price beginning with "one" we could use "a" instead of one.

### Four Digit Prices

Mostly the method to read four digit numbers is the same as we have explained above, but there are some exceptions as well.

\$1250 → a thousand two hundred fifty

\$5260 → five thousand two hundred sixty

\$1500 → fifteen hundred (only in US)

we can also say a thousand five hundred

### You might also like

#### Demonstratives

Demonstratives express distance in space and time. In this lesson, we will discover the rules, types, uses, and more in detail.

#### Possessives

Possessives are used to indicate possessions. In this lesson, we will discuss the different types of possessives, including nouns, determiners, and pronouns.

#### Cardinal Numbers

When we want to refer to quantity, we use numbers. These numbers are called 'cardinal numbers.'

#### Ordinal Numbers

Imagine that you are on a list and you want to know where you are standing. To refer to that number, we use 'ordinal numbers.'

#### Roman Numerals

The ancient numbers that are still being used, we all have definitely seen them, let's learn them properly now.

#### When to Spell Out Numbers

There are many types of ways to say a number but do you know when and where to use each of them? In this lesson, we will discover more about numbers.