What are Numbers?
Numbers are mathematical symbols used to express quantity. We use numbers to count, label, and measure people or objects. We can use numbers everywhere, we use them to tell dates, phone numbers, etc.
There are two main groups of numbers in English:
Cardinal numbers (also called cardinals) are used to count the number of people, animals, or things, such as two, six, twelve, or five hundred. They show how many of those things or people there are.
I love my pets. I have
We can use cardinal numbers with the following structure:
Cardinal numbers can also be used as nouns.
People came to the theater in
Numbers Bigger Than Twenty
If you want to write numbers bigger than twenty, you should use a hyphen between parts of the compound number. In other words, hyphenate all compound numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine. For example:
Numbers Bigger Than 100
eight hundred and
In American English, people normally do not use the word 'and':
three hundred fifty-six
Numbers Bigger Than 1,000
When writing numbers larger than 1,000, use a hyphen between compound numbers and include the word 'and'. You can use either the indefinite article 'a' or 'one' for 1,000. Also, remember to use a comma to separate every three digits, such as '80,000'.
In American English 'and' is mostly not used.
five thousand (and) two hundred (and) thirty-four
The number 0 has many names:
- in telephone numbers, codes, etc. →
- in measurements and temperature →
- in British English →
- in sports commentary →
- in tennis →
What Are Ordinal Numbers?
Ordinal numbers are used to show the order of things on a list or in a row, that's why we call them ordinal. Here are a few examples:
This is the
She is the
How to Make Ordinal Numbers?
Most of the numbers get th at the end to change to an ordinal number, except the first three numbers. Check out the table below:
Now let us take a look at the numbers that have more than one part:
|twenty-first (21st)||one hundred and thirty-first (131th)|
|twenty-second (22nd)||two hundred and forty-fifth (245th)|
|twenty-third (23rd)||three hundred and fifty-seventh (357th)|
When Do We Use Ordinal Numbers?
Ordinal numbers are used in many different contexts:
A fraction is a particular form of writing numbers. Fractions are used to express a part of a whole or a collection. Here are some examples:
The letters I, V, X, L, C, D, and M of the Latin alphabet were used to express numbers in ancient Greece. Nowadays. we still use them in some cases. Let's see an example:
Alice III → Alice the
Telling the Dates and Century
My birthday is on June the
telling the dates
The castle was built in the
talking about centuries
How to Write Ordinal Numbers
When writing ordinal numbers in number form, use the last two letters of the ordinal form in a smaller form after the cardinal number. For example:
- first = 1st
- second = 2nd
- third = 3rd
- fourth = 4th
Talking about Money & Prices
Each country has its own system of money, such as Dollar in the USA, Pound in the UK, and Euro in European countries. There are different ways to say the prices, Let's go through the common ones:
One, Two, and Three Digit Prices
$4.20 → Four-twenty
just say the numbers
$4.20 → Four dollars (and) twenty
saying 'and' is more common in British English, and Americans usually don't say it.
$4.20 → Four dollars (and) twenty cents
this is the more formal
$580 → five hundred (and) eighty dollars
if the price is an exact number of pounds, euros or dollars we should say it completely.
£100 → a hundred pounds
with prices beginning with 'one' we could use 'a' instead of 'one'.
Four Digit Prices
Mostly, four-digit numbers are read in the same way as we have explained above, but there are some exceptions as well.
$1250 → a thousand two hundred fifty
$5260 → five thousand two hundred sixty
we can also say a thousand five hundred
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When we want to refer to quantity, we use numbers. These numbers are called 'cardinal numbers.'
Imagine that you are on a list and you want to know where you are standing. To refer to that number, we use 'ordinal numbers.'
The ancient numbers that are still being used, we all have definitely seen them, let's learn them properly now.