Nominal adjectives are adjectives that function as a noun in a sentence. They may take different roles which we will uncover in this lesson.
What Are Nominal Adjectives?
Nominal Adjectives as Subjects
The nominal adjectives do not describe any other noun. They are nouns themselves. In the examples below, they are performing the function of the subject of the sentences:
Nominal Adjectives as Objects
Nominal adjectives can also be the direct object, indirect object, or the object of the preposition in a sentence. Take a look at some examples:
We all want
He gave money to
You should help
What Kinds of Adjectives Can Be Nominalized?
Basically, nominal adjectives are used to refer to a group of people with similar characteristics. For example, these adjectives can be nominalized:
- Collective Adjectives
- Nationality and Proper Adjectives
- Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
- Non-Collective Adjectives
Collective adjectives refer to groups of people with shared physical or non-physical characteristics.
- Collective adjectives with shared physical characteristics: the blind, the deaf, the short, the tall
- Collective adjectives with shared non-physical characteristics: the homeless, the wealthy, the poor, the rich
The rich should help
We should respect
Nationality and Proper Adjectives
- the French
- the British
- the Japanese
I'm interested in the customs of
Not all nationality adjectives can be nominalized. Many of the nationalities must be plural, proper nouns, and they cannot be considered nominal adjectives. For example:
- the German
s(Not 'the German')
- the Russian
s(Not 'the Russian')
- the American
s(Not 'the American')
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things. Take a look at some examples of nominal adjectives in the comparative form:
My sister is
Of the two watches, I picked
Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more things, and they can also function as nominal adjectives. For example:
When you cut the cake into slices, give me
Some non-collective adjectives refer to a characteristic of an individual person or thing. Yet, they can be used as nominal adjectives. For example:
- the contrary
- the good
- The opposite
- The red, green, blue, etc.
The word 'opposite' does not refer to a group of things or people with similarities. Yet, it is used as a nominal adjectives.
I walked home across