What Are Indirect Objects?
What Is the Difference Between Indirect Objects and Direct Objects?
'Direct objects' do not need indirect objects to have a complete meaning as a result if there is only one object in a sentence it is a 'direct object' for sure. If a sentence has two objects the one that receives the action of the verb is the direct object and the one which receives the direct object is the indirect object.
In this sentence, the pronoun 'him' is the only object of the sentence so, it is a 'direct object.'
Here, 'the keys' receives the action of the verb and 'him' receives the keys so, the keys is the 'direct object' and the pronoun him is the 'indirect object.'
Indirect Objects and Verbs
Any verb that can take an object is a 'transitive' verb, but verbs that can take a direct object and also an indirect object are called 'ditransitive' verbs. Here are the most common ditransitive verbs in English:
You were supposed to
He did not
Position of Indirect Objects in a Sentence
Subject + ditransitive verb + indirect object + direct object + adverbial adjuncts
I volunteered to send
1. You cannot use adverbial adjuncts after indirect objects.
2. Linking verbs cannot take objects.
I lent Tom
How to Find Indirect Objects?
Check out the examples for more clarification:
I am sorry to give
Here the pronoun 'you' is used after the ditransitive verb 'give' and precedes the direct object 'time.'
Indirect Objects or Prepositional Phrases
'Indirect objects' can be placed at the end of the sentence following the prepositions 'to' and 'for.' In this case, they make a prepositional phrase that is used as a complement, not as an indirect object. Here are a few examples:
I have made a cup of coffee
Marco handed the constitutions
What Indirect and Direct Objects Refer to
Usually, indirect objects are considered animals or people who receive the effects of the verbs. Direct objects usually are things that are not living things. check out the table:
|Direct objects||often ✗||✓|
|Indirect objects||✓||often ✗|
She will get
The kind mother reads
Nouns, noun phrases, or pronouns that are used after ditransitive verbs and before direct objects are called indirect objects. They are not necessary to be used for all transitive verbs, but they complete the meaning of the sentence.