The Letter G

In this lesson, we will learn about all the sounds of the letter G. It is the seventh letter of the English alphabet. I'm so excited, how about you?

"The Letter G" in the English Alphabet

G is the seventh letter of the English alphabet. It is also a consonant.

Consonants are the letters that are produced by stopping the letter from flowing easily.

Uppercase Form G
Lowercase g
Name gee (pronounced /ˈdʒiː/)
Sounds /ɡ/, /d͡ʒ/

The Letter G: Sounds

The letter G has three sounds.

Sound 1: /ɡ/

'G' generally sounds /ɡ/:

goose /ɡuːs/

gargoyle /ˈɡɑːrɡɔɪl/

game /ɡeɪm/

Sound 2: /d͡ʒ/

The letter 'g' only before 'i', 'e', or 'y' sounds /d͡ʒ/:

giant /ˈdʒaɪənt/

ginger /ˈdʒɪndʒər/

geology /dʒiˈɑːlədʒi/

vegetable /ˈvedʒtəbl/

Sound 3: /Ø/

'g' before 'h' sounds /Ø/ (no sound, silent) as in:

through /θruː/

neighbor /ˈneɪbər/

night /naɪt/

'gn' sounds /n/, so 'g' is silent /∅/:

foreigner /ˈfɔːrənər/

design /dɪˈzaɪn/

gnat /næt/

Tip

Loanwords from French having 'g' are pronounced /ʒ/:

rouge /ruːʒ/

genre /ˈʒɑːnrə/

beige /beɪʒ/

The Letter G: Multigraphs

Letter G can also appear in combinations with other letters (mainly consonants):

gg

'gg' generally sounds /ɡ/:

juggle /ˈdʒʌɡl/

goggle /ˈɡɑːɡl/

jogger /ˈdʒɑːɡər/

'gg' also sounds /d͡ʒ/:

exaggerate /ɪɡˈzædʒəreɪt/

suggest /səɡˈdʒest/

gh

'gh' generally sounds /ɡ/:

ghost /ɡəʊst/

yoghurt /ˈjəʊɡərt/

dinghy /ˈdɪŋɡi/

'gh' after 'u' also sounds /f/:

laugh /læf/

cough /kɔːf/

roughage /ˈrʌfɪdʒ/

'gh' also sound silent /Ø/ when they follow 'ou':

drought /draʊt/

borough /ˈbɝː.oʊ/

although /ɑːlˈðoʊ/

ng

'ng' sounds /ŋ/:

sing /sɪŋ/

camping /ˈkæmpɪŋ/

boomerang /ˈbuːməræŋ/

king /kɪŋ/

'ng' also sounds /nɡ/:

engulf /ɪnˈɡʌlf/

ungainly /ʌnˈɡeɪnli/

nge

'nge' sounds /nd͡ʒ/:

sponge /spʌndʒ/

angel /ˈeɪndʒl/

ngue

'ngue' sounds /ŋ/:

tongue /tʌŋ/

meringue /məˈræŋ/

gn

'gn' sounds /nj/ in loanwords:

champignon /tʃamˈpɪnjən/

lasagna /ləˈzɑːnjə/

'gn' also sounds /ɡn/:

signature /ˈsɪɡnətʃər/

agnostic /æɡˈnɑːstɪk/

dge

'dge' sounds /d͡ʒ/:

lodger /ˈlɑːdʒər/

fridge /frɪdʒ/

hedge /hedʒ/

The Letter G: Uses

The letter G can be:
An abbreviation of 'gram; grams'
An abbreviation of the term gravitational force in aerospace

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