Than

'I like the red one more than the blue one.' You have probably heard 'than' in sentences like these. In this lesson, we will uncover all about it.

How To Use "Than" in English?

'Than' is both a conjunction and a preposition in the English language. In this lesson, we will discuss how to learn and use it.

Functions of 'Than'

'Than' as a Preposition

As mentioned above, one of the main functions of 'than' is to be a preposition. We are going to learn all about the different kinds of prepositions it can be, below:

Use

'Than' as a Preposition of Manner

We can use 'than' as a preposition of manner. Look:

  • When we are comparing two things, we us 'than' to introduce the second part of the comparison. Look:

The cake tasted more bitter than sweet.

As you can see, 'than' is showing the second part of a comparison.

The dress suits your sister more than you.

Lily has decided to text me rather than call.

  • When we are comparing numbers, amounts, etc. we use 'than':

If we walk there, we will get there in less than an hour.

A : Is it too far from here?

B : No, it's less than a mile to the gas station.

Position in a Sentence

As you know, prepositions come before nouns or noun phrases. Since 'than' is a preposition here, it must always come before nouns. Please note that we can never start a sentence with 'than'. Look at the following examples for more clarification:

Although they're the same age, she looks younger than her sister.

As you can see, 'than' is followed by a noun phrase.

We were going to hail a can until mom said that we could get there in less than an hour.

'Than' as a Conjunction

As it was mentioned above, 'than' can also be a conjunction. Below, we are going to learn all about it:

Use

'Than' as a Subordinating Conjunction

'Than' is used to connect a subordinate clause to an independent clause. So, it is called a subordinating conjunction. Look at the following examples:

I believe Hannah is more skilled at singing than Robert is.

As you can see, 'than' is connecting two clauses. However, one is dependent.

Hardly has we had time to think than one of the students felt sick.

Warning!

Please note that whenever we have a negative adverb like 'never', 'seldom', 'hardly', etc. at the beginning of the sentence, we must change the places of the subject and the verb. Look:

Never had she given up on me than the last conflict we had.

(Not Never she had given up...)

Position in a Sentence

As you know, conjunctions join clauses together. When 'than' functions as a subordinating conjunction, it comes between the subordinate clause and the main clause to connect them. Please note that we can never put 'than' at the beginning of the sentence. Look below:

It seems that an illiterate man like him knows how to handle a country better than you do, governor.

Don't you agree that you friend is a better artist than he is?

Idioms and Expression

We have very few idioms with 'than' in English. Below, we are going to learn all about them:

  • Other than: This one is mainly used in negative sentences and it is used when we want to make an exception:

I'm afraid I do not know anything other than you do.

The baby cries when he is hungry but other than that he is mostly quiet.

Comments

Loading recaptcha
  • linkedin
  • linkedin
  • facebook
  • facebook
  • email

You might also like

Get

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
'Get' is a common verb in English and can take many meanings. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about it.

Give

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
Another common verb in the English language is 'give'. I'm sure you've heard it a lot. In this lesson, we will learn all there is about it.

Let

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
'Let' is another common word in the English language. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about it.

Now

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
'Now' is common among native speakers. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about it.

Also

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
Most native speakers use 'also' in their daily conversations. In this lesson, we are going to learn all about it.

Next

bookmark
In order to add to your bookmarks, you must SIGN IN.
'Next' is another common word among native English speakers. In this lesson, we are going to uncover all there is about it.
LanGeek
Download LanGeek app