Word list: Skeleton and Muscles

Skeleton and Muscles

school icon49 Words
9Min
Body - Skeleton and Muscles

You may be asked to talk or write about your body and health issues. On this part, you will find almost any word that is related to the human body and anatomy.

Body
abductor
abductornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that moves a part of the body away from its normal position by contraction

backbone
backbonenoun

the row of small bones that are joined together down the middle of the back

biceps
bicepsnoun

(anatomy) the two-headed muscle of the front upper part of the arm which is used for pulling things toward oneself

breastbone
breastbonenoun

a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs and the shoulder girdle

cheekbone
cheekbonenoun

any of the arch bones below the eye

ciliary body
ciliary bodynoun

(anatomy) the structure that encloses the inner surface of the eye which consists of the muscle which makes the eye move

clavicle
claviclenoun

(anatomy) a bone of the shoulder girdle that connects the breastbone to the shoulder bone

coccyx
coccyxnoun

(anatomy) the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

collarbone
collarbonenoun

either of the pair of bones that join the shoulder blades to the breastbone

cranium
craniumnoun

(anatomy) the bone structure that surrounds and protects the brain

deltoid
deltoidnoun

(anatomy) a large muscle, triangular in shape that covers the shoulder joint and helps the arm to abduct and rotate

diaphragm
diaphragmnoun

(anatomy) the muscular body partition that separates the chest and abdomen

extensor
extensornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that helps a body part or limb be stretched out by contraction

femur
femurnoun

(anatomy) the longest bone in the top part of the human leg between the hip and the knee

fibula
fibulanoun

(anatomy) the outer and narrower of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

flexor
flexornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that allows one to bend a limb or body part by contraction

humerus
humerusnoun

(anatomy) a long bone in the arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow

jawbone
jawbonenoun

(anatomy) the lower bone of the jaw that makes one open and close their mouth

kneecap
kneecapnoun

a small bone that covers the front of the knee joint

mandible
mandiblenoun

(anatomy) (zoology) either half of the jawbone, especially the lower jawbone that helps a vertebrate open and close its mouth

metatarsal
metatarsalnoun

(anatomy) any of the five bones of the foot between the ankle and the toes

muscle
musclenoun

a piece of body tissue that is made tight or relaxed when we want to move a particular part of our body

musculature
musculaturenoun

(biology) the overall arrangement or the system of muscles in a human or an animal's body

occipital bone
occipital bonenoun

(anatomy) the trapezoidal bone that is at the base and lower back of the cranium, though which the spinal cord passes

patella
patellanoun

(anatomy) a small bone triangular in shape that covers and protects the front part of the knee joint

pelvis
pelvisnoun

(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs

quadriceps
quadricepsnoun

(anatomy) any of the four large muscles at the front of the thigh that allow the knee joint to stretch

quad
quadnoun

a muscle at the front of the thigh that helps the knee joint stretch

radius
radiusnoun

(anatomy) the larger and thicker bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist

rib
ribnoun

a row of curvy bones surrounding and protecting the chest, lungs, and heart

rib cage
rib cagenoun

(anatomy) the bony structure in the chest formed by the ribs which protects organs in the thoracic cavity

sacrum
sacrumnoun

(anatomy) a large bone at the lower part of the spinal column between the two hip bones of the pelvis

scapula
scapulanoun

(anatomy) each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the humerus to the clavicle

shin bone
shin bonenoun

the inner and larger bone of the pair of bones between the ankle and the knee

shoulder blade
shoulder bladenoun

each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the upper arm bone with the collar bone

sinew
sinewnoun

an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

skeleton
skeletonnoun

the structure of bones supporting the body of an animal or a person

skull
skullnoun

the skeleton of a person's or animal's head; the bony skeleton enclosing the brain of a vertebrate

sphincter
sphincternoun

(anatomy) a ring of muscle that can open or close an opening, such as anus, in the body

spine
spinenoun

the row of small bones that are joined together down the center of the back of the body

sternum
sternumnoun

(anatomy) a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs to the shoulder girdle

tail bone
tail bonenoun

the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

tarsal
tarsalnoun

(anatomy) any of the cluster of seven small bones in the foot between the ankle and upper foot

tendon
tendonnoun

(anatomy) an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

thighbone
thighbonenoun

the longest bone in the human skeleton which is between the hip and the knee

tibia
tibianoun

(anatomy) the inner and larger of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

triceps
tricepsnoun

(anatomy) the three-headed muscle of the arm that functions as the extensor of the elbow joint

ulna
ulnanoun

(anatomy) the thinner and longer bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the wrist

vertebra
vertebranoun

(anatomy) any of the bony segments and cartilages of the spinal column