Skeleton and Muscles

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25 min
Words Related to Body - Skeleton and Muscles

Here you will learn some English words related to skeleton and muscles, such as "femur", "collarbone", and "biceps".

Words Related to Body
abductornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that moves a part of the body away from its normal position by contraction

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backbone
backbonenoun

the row of small bones that are joined together down the middle of the back

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bicepsnoun

the large muscle at the front of the upper part of the arm, which flexes the forearm

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breastbonenoun

a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs and the shoulder girdle

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cheekbone
cheekbonenoun

the bone that is just below the eye

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ciliary bodynoun

(anatomy) the structure that encloses the inner surface of the eye which consists of the muscle which makes the eye move

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clavicle
claviclenoun

(anatomy) a bone of the shoulder girdle that connects the breastbone to the shoulder bone

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coccyxnoun

(anatomy) the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

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collarbone
collarbonenoun

either of the pair of bones that go across the top of the chest from the base of the neck to the shoulders

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craniumnoun

(anatomy) the bone structure that surrounds and protects the brain

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deltoidnoun

(anatomy) a large muscle, triangular in shape that covers the shoulder joint and helps the arm to abduct and rotate

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diaphragmnoun

(anatomy) the muscular body partition that separates the chest and abdomen

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extensornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that helps a body part or limb be stretched out by contraction

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femurnoun

(anatomy) the longest bone in the top part of the human leg between the hip and the knee

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fibulanoun

(anatomy) the outer and narrower of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

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flexornoun

(anatomy) a muscle that allows one to bend a limb or body part by contraction

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humerusnoun

(anatomy) a long bone in the arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow

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jawbone
jawbonenoun

either of the bones that form the jaw, particularly the lower jaw

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kneecapnoun

a small bone that covers the front of the knee joint

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mandible
mandiblenoun

(anatomy) (zoology) either half of the jawbone, especially the lower jawbone that helps a vertebrate open and close its mouth

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metatarsalnoun

(anatomy) any of the five bones of the foot between the ankle and the toes

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muscle
musclenoun

a piece of body tissue that is made tight or relaxed when we want to move a particular part of our body

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musculaturenoun

(biology) the overall arrangement or the system of muscles in a human or an animal's body

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occipital bonenoun

(anatomy) the trapezoidal bone that is at the base and lower back of the cranium, though which the spinal cord passes

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patellanoun

(anatomy) a small bone triangular in shape that covers and protects the front part of the knee joint

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pelvis
pelvisnoun

(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs

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quadricepsnoun

(anatomy) any of the four large muscles at the front of the thigh that allow the knee joint to stretch

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quadnoun

a muscle at the front of the thigh that helps the knee joint stretch

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radiusnoun

(anatomy) the larger and thicker bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist

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rib
ribnoun

each of the curved bones surrounding the chest to protect the organs inside

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ribcage
ribcagenoun

(anatomy) the bony structure in the chest formed by the ribs which protects organs in the thoracic cavity

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sacrumnoun

(anatomy) a large bone at the lower part of the spinal column between the two hip bones of the pelvis

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scapulanoun

(anatomy) each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the humerus to the clavicle

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shin bone
shin bonenoun

the inner and larger bone of the pair of bones between the ankle and the knee

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shoulder bladenoun

each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the upper arm bone with the collar bone

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sinewnoun

an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

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skeleton
skeletonnoun

the structure of bones supporting the body of an animal or a person

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skull
skullnoun

the bony structure that surrounds and provides protection for a person's or animal's brain

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sphincternoun

(anatomy) a ring of muscle that can open or close an opening, such as anus, in the body

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spine
spinenoun

the row of small bones that are joined together down the center of the back of the body

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sternumnoun

(anatomy) a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs to the shoulder girdle

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tail bonenoun

the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

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tarsalnoun

(anatomy) any of the cluster of seven small bones in the foot between the ankle and upper foot

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tendonnoun

(anatomy) an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

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thighbonenoun

the longest bone in the human skeleton which is between the hip and the knee

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tibia
tibianoun

(anatomy) the inner and larger of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

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tricepsnoun

(anatomy) the three-headed muscle of the arm that functions as the extensor of the elbow joint

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ulnanoun

(anatomy) the thinner and longer bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the wrist

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vertebra
vertebranoun

(anatomy) any of the bony segments and cartilages of the spinal column

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