What Are Alternative Pro-forms?
Alternative means 'choice'. Alternative pro-forms are a type of pro-form that offer a choice between two or more options and signal the alternatives in the sentence.
Other as a Determiner
'Other' as a determiner means the 'alternative' or the 'different' type of something. It is used:
- with singular uncountable nouns
Our website sells pop music. It sells no
- with plural nouns
We surveyed children from
- when 'other' is used before a singular countable noun, we must use another determiner before it.
I don't like the purple one. I prefer the
We need to discuss our
'Other' as a determiner does not have a plural form.
Other as a Pronoun
When 'other' as a pronoun refers to more than one person or thing, it takes the plural form. For example:
Some people agreed;
The Other as a Determiner
The Other with Singular Countable Nouns
'The other' can be used before a singular countable noun to give an additional choice or alternative, usually when there are two alternatives. It can also mean different types of something.
This room is occupied. Please use
This book has many illustrations.
The Other with Plural Nouns
Using 'the other' with a plural noun means we are referring to the remaining people or things in a group. For example:
Sam and Mike are here, but where are
(the remaining people in a group)
Have you eaten
(the remaining things in a group – here six eggs)
The Other as a Pronoun
'The other' can be used as a pronoun, especially when we want to refer back to something already mentioned. For example:
She had her drink in one hand and her cigarette in
I have two puppies, one is black and
When we use the indefinite article 'an' before 'other', we get 'another'. It means one more or an alternative or an additional.
Another as a Determiner
We use 'another' with singular nouns. It can not be used with plural nouns. For example:
Would you like
I don’t like this place. Is there
Another as a Pronoun
We can use 'another' as a pronoun. Take a look at some examples:
I don't like this shirt. Do you have
After you finish reading this book, you should start reading
Else with Indefinite Pronouns
We can use 'else' after indefinite pronouns and 'all' to mean 'other,' 'another,' 'different' or 'additional'. For example:
I was free to go, as was everyone
Else with Wh-words
'Else' is used after wh- question words to mean besides or in addition to someone or something. It is also used to talk about a different person, thing, place, etc.
If I can't trust you, who
Do not use 'else' after which.
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Universal pro-forms are special function words or expressions to refer to the total number of something. In this lesson, you will learn more about them.