What Is an Apostrophe?
An apostrophe (') is a punctuation mark that is used to indicate possession or to show where letters or numbers have been omitted in a contraction.
An apostrophe can be used in different cases, such as:
Replacing Missing Letters
While making contracted forms, we usually delete some letters which can be only one letter or more than one letter. In both cases, we use only one apostrophe in place of the missing letters. Here are a few examples:
In this example, the long form is 'is not' but we have contracted it by omitting the letter 'O' and replaced it with an apostrophe to create 'isn't'
In this example, apostrophe replaces two letters because we omitted 'no' and used an apostrophe instead.
Here by '60 we mean 1960
Making Possessive Nouns
When the owner of something is a noun, we can usually use an apostrophe plus an 's' to show possession. Here are some examples:
If there is a plural noun or a singular noun ending in '-s' or '-es', you should use only an apostrophe to show possession or ownership. Here are the examples:
Making Plural Letters
Sometimes, there is a need to use plural numbers, letters, interjections, abbreviations, or conjunctions; however, they are not used with the same intention. In this case, we use an apostrophe. Here are a few examples:
There are too many
There were lots of
When Not to Use an Apostrophe
Remember not to use 's when you are using possessive pronouns.
❌It was her
❌This is his'
Use 's for irregular plural possessive nouns. For example:
It's or Its
Mostly, we use the punctuation (') (also known as apostrophe) in three major situations:
- to show possession
- to show contraction
- to use unusual plural letters, numbers, etc.
You might also like
Quotation marks are punctuations that are used to express a direct speech, phrase, or quotation. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.
Hyphens and Dashes
Hyphens and dashes have to be used properly as punctuation marks to avoid confusion. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.
Brackets, Braces, and Parentheses
Actually, there are four different types of brackets. In this lesson, we will study all the rules about these punctuation marks.
A slash is a punctuation in the English language. In this article you can learn about its functions.
Capitalization is to write the first letter of a word in uppercase. In this lesson, you will learn all the rules about this subject.