Imperative Mood in English Grammar
If you're wondering what the word 'imperative' means, in grammar, imperatives are verbs that are used to tell somebody what to do or guiding someone.
The imperative is a verbal mood in the English grammar. It is the most direct way one can give orders or make somebody do or not to do something.
When you want to use an imperative, you use the imperative verb, which is the base form of the verb, at the beginning of the sentence.
Your sentence will not have a subject (I, you, we, they ...)
Subject in Imperative Mood
The subject in imperative sentences is always implied to be talking about 'YOU'.
The command is given to YOU.
To make a negative imperative sentence, you only need to add 'Do not' or 'Don't' before the imperative verb.
Imperatives can be used to:
- Give orders
- Give directions
- Give instructions
- Give advice
- Give suggestions
- Give warnings
- Make requests
- Invite somebody
We use imperatives to give orders or commands. When we want to tell someone what to do or what not to do, we use imperatives.
When we want to give an address and directions to a particular place, we use the imperatives.
Here, it's OK if you don't use the word 'please' with your sentences. Because it is expected to sound like it.
The speaker is helping not giving orders.
If we want to give detailed information on how to do or use something, we can use the imperatives. For example in cooking recipes or an electronic device manual.
This is give structures about making a cake.
Give Advice and Suggestions
If you want to give an opinion or a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particular situation, you can use the imperatives.
This is just a suggestion.
If you want to tell somebody that something bad or unpleasant may happen in the future so that they can try to avoid it, you can use the imperatives.
A request is the action of asking for something formally and politely. It's difference with 'order' or 'command' lies in the word 'please'. When you use 'please' in your imperative sentence, it makes your sentence more polite or more formal.
In a very informal or friendly situations, you can use the imperatives to invite somebody to do something.
Give Orders Politely
Because imperatives are a very direct way to give orders, we can use other expressions such as just, please, and if you don't mind in order to make it more polite.
Imperatives with Do
In some cases, the auxiliary If we add 'Do' at the beginning of the imperative sentence, we can make the sentence more formal and polite.
It is a polite imperative sentence.
Imperatives with Subject Pronouns
We can add a subject pronoun, especially subject pronoun 'you' to put emphasis on our imperative sentence. Try not to sound rude. This imperative sentence structure is only used for a strong and decisive order.
Try not to sound rude.
It's an example of a negative imperative sentence with subject pronoun 'you'.
Imperatives with Indefinite Pronouns
In some situations, we must speak to a group of people. In that case, we use imperatives with indefinite pronouns like somebody, everybody, and all. In this case, the verb does not take the 's' for third person singular.
Because it's an imperative sentence, we did not say 'calls'.
The same rule is applied here.
The same rule is applied here.
Exhortative means trying very hard to persuade somebody to do something. Exhortative imperative is a kind of formal imperative that only implies that the subject of our sentence is the first person plural. It's structure is 'Let's (or Let us) + the base form of the verb'.
The speaker is trying to encourage us to review the points.
To make the exhortative imperative negative, you only need to put 'not' between 'let' and the verb.
'Let's' is the contracted form of 'Let us'.
When the subject following the verb 'let' is anything other than 'us' it is no longer the exhortative imperative and it means 'to allow' and 'used for offering help to somebody'.
This is actually used to offer help to somebody.