If you're wondering what the word 'imperative' means, in grammar, imperatives are verbs that are used to tell somebody what to do or not to do.
What Is Imperative Mood?
The imperative is a verbal mood in English grammar. It is the most direct way one can give orders or make somebody do or not do something.
The subject in imperative sentences is always implied to be talking about 'you.'
To make a negative imperative sentence, you only need to add 'Do not' or 'Don't' before the imperative verb.
Imperatives can be used:
- to give orders
- to give directions
- to give instructions
- to give advice
- to give suggestions
- to give warnings
- to give requests
- to invite somebody
To Give Orders
We use imperatives to give orders or commands. When we want to tell someone what to do or what not to do, we use imperatives.
When we use the emphatic do auxiliary, it makes an imperative sound more polite and more formal:
To Give Directions
When we want to give an address and directions to a particular place, we use the imperatives.
Here, it is OK if you do not use the word 'please' in your sentences.
Here, the speaker is helping not giving orders.
To Give Instructions
If we want to give detailed instructions on how to do or use something, we can use the imperatives. For example in cooking recipes or an electronic device manual. Look at the example:
To Give Advice and Suggestions
To Give Warnings
If you want to tell somebody that something bad or unpleasant may happen in the future so that they can try to avoid it, you can use the imperatives.
To Make Requests
A request is the action of asking for something formally and politely. Its difference with 'order' or 'command' lies in the word 'please.' When you use 'please' in your imperative sentence, it makes your sentence more polite or more formal.
To Invite Somebody
In a very informal or friendly situation, you can use the imperatives to invite somebody to do something.
To Give Orders Politely
Because imperatives are a very direct way to give orders, we can use other expressions such as 'just,' 'please,' and 'if you don't mind' in order to make it more polite.
Imperatives with Do
Imperatives with Subject Pronouns
We can add a subject pronoun, especially subject pronoun 'you' to put emphasis on our imperative sentence. Try not to sound rude. This imperative sentence structure is only used for a strong and decisive order.
Imperatives with Indefinite Pronouns
In some situations, we must speak to a group of people. In that case, we use imperatives with indefinite pronouns like somebody, everybody, and all. In this case, the verb does not take the 's' for third person singular.
Because it's an imperative sentence, we did not say 'calls'.
Exhortatives means trying very hard to persuade somebody to do something. The exhortative imperative is a kind of formal imperative that only implies that the subject of our sentence is the first person plural. Its structure is 'Let's (or Let us) + the base form of the verb.'
The speaker is trying to encourage us to review the points, here.
To make the exhortative imperative negative, you only need to put 'not' between 'let' and the verb.
'Let's' is the contracted form of 'Let us'.
When the subject following the verb 'let' is anything other than 'us,' it is no longer the exhortative imperative and it means 'to allow' and is used for offering help to somebody.
The imperative is a verbal mood in English grammar. It is the most direct way one can give orders or make somebody do or not to do something.
The imperative is actually the base form of the verb at the beginning of the sentence.
|To give orders||
|To give directions||
|To give Instructions||
|To give Advice and Suggestions||
|To give Warnings||
|To make Requests||
|To invite Somebody||
- What Is Imperative Mood?
- Imperatives: Structure
- Imperatives: Negation
- Imperatives with Do
- Imperatives with Subject Pronouns
- Imperatives with Indefinite Pronouns
- Imperatives: Exhortative