Comparative and Superlative Adjectives for beginners

Comparative adjectives are used to compare one noun to another noun. Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more nouns.

"Comparative and Superlative Adjectives" in English Grammar

What Are Comparative Adjectives?

Comparative adjectives are forms of adjectives that are used to compare two things or people.

Why Do We Use Comparative Adjectives?

We use Comparative adjectives when we want to talk about an adjective to show that something is of higher or lower level or degree of quality. For example:

This tea is colder than that one.

Miranda is taller than Lucy.

How to Make Comparative Adjectives?

To make comparative adjectives, all you have to do is add '-er' to the end of the adjective. For example:

The man acted nicer than last time.

She was shorter than her big sister.

Spelling Rules for Comparative Adjectives

Here are the spelling rules to make comparative adjectives:

  • If the adjective ends in '-e,' add '-r.'

Large → larger

Close → closer

  • If the adjective ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant, double the final consonant and add '-er.'

Big + er → bigger

Mad + er → madder

  • If the adjective ends with a consonant + '-y,' change '-y' to '-i,' then add '-er.'

Dry → drier

Happy → happier

What Are Superlative Adjectives?

Superlative adjectives are forms of adjectives that show the extreme or highest degree of a quality.

Why Do We Use Superlative Adjectives?

Superlative adjectives are used to show the highest or lowest level of quality. Here are the examples:

The easiest way is to start first.

He is the happiest man ever.

Spelling Rules of Superlative Adjectives

When superlative adjectives are made, there may be a change in the appearance of adjectives. Here are the rules:

  • If the adjective ends in '-e,' add '-st.'

Close → closest

Nice → nicest

  • If the adjective ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant, double the final consonant and add '-est.'

Big → the biggest

Mad → maddest

  • If the adjective ends with a consonant + '-y', change '-y' to '-i', then add '-est'.

Dry → the driest

Happy → happiest

Review

Comparative and superlative adjectives are used to compare things. Comparative adjectives usually compare two things or people, but superlative adjectives are used to compare one thing or person with the other members of a group.

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