Comparative and Superlative Adjectives for beginners

Comparative adjectives are used to compare one noun to another noun. Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more nouns.

"Comparative and Superlative Adjectives" in English Grammar

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Comparative and superlative adjectives are used to compare two or more things. Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things and superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more things.

Comparative Adjectives

Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things and show that one has a higher or lower level or degree of a quality than the other. For example:

This tea is colder than that one.

Miranda is taller than Lucy.

Than

When we want to compare two things or persons, we use the preposition 'than' after the comparative adjective.

How to Make Comparative Adjectives?

For one-syllable adjectives, all you have to do is add '-er' to the end of an adjective to make it comparative. For example:

The man acted nicer than last time.

She was shorter than her big sister.

For adjectives that have more than one syllable, add 'more' before the adjective. For example:

This bag is more expensive than that bag.

Superlative Adjectives

Superlative adjectives are forms of adjectives that show the extreme or highest degree of a quality.

How to Make Superlative Adjectives?

For one-syllable adjectives, all you have to do is add '-est' to the end of them and put 'the' before it. For example:

The easiest way is to start first.

He is the happiest man ever.

For adjectives that have more than one syllable, add 'the most' before them. For example:

This is the most expensive restaurant in town.

The princess was the most beautiful girl in the kingdom.

The table below shows some common English adjectives with their comparative and superlative forms:

Comparative Superlative
fast faster the fastest
nice nicer the nicest
tall taller the tallest
beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful
comfortable more comfortable the most comfortable
expensive more expensive the most expensive

Irregular Adjectives

Some adjectives do not follow the typical rules for forming comparatives and superlatives. For example:

comparative superlative
good better the best
bad worse the worst

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