What Are Object Pronouns?
Object pronouns (also called objective pronouns) are basic and important structures in English and they function as the receiver of the action in the sentence.
They are used instead of object nouns in sentences to avoid repetition. We have seven object pronouns in English. Study the table below:
English Object Pronouns
|1st Person Singular||Me|
|2nd Person Singular||You|
|3rd Person Singular (Female)||Her|
|3rd Person Singular (Male)||Him|
|3rd Person Singular (Non-human)||It|
|1st Person Plural||Us|
|2nd Person Plural||You|
|3rd Person Plural||Them|
Look at the following examples:
He read 'Alice in Wonderland' to
When using a pronoun to replace an object noun in a sentence, it is important to use an object pronoun rather than a subject pronoun.
Third Person Singular Pronouns
When we want to refer to singular object pronouns, we must pay attention to the object noun's gender. In the list below are all third-person object pronouns and their uses:
- Him (Male)
- Her (Female)
- It (Non-human)
Now, Take a look at the following examples:
That is my
As you can see, 'it' refers to the book which is an object.
How to Use Them
We have three important kinds of objects in English which are listed below:
In a sentence, direct objects are nouns on which the action is done. In other words, the direct object is the thing or person that the verb is acting upon. Look at the following examples:
'him' is the direct object of the sentence
An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that indicates to or for whom or what the action of the verb is done in a sentence. Unlike a direct object, the indirect object is not the main recipient of the action, rather, it identifies the person or thing that benefits from or is affected by the action. Carefully study the examples below:
Here the highlighted one is the indirect one.
Objects of a Preposition
These objects come after prepositions in sentences. Prepositions are words that indicate the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other elements in a sentence, such as location, time, or direction. Common prepositions in English include 'to,' 'for,' 'about,' 'with,'. Take a look at the following examples:
They told me about
She gave her address to
Object pronouns can be coordinated in a sentence to refer to different objects that receive the action of the verb. When two or more object pronouns are used together, they are referred to as coordinated objects.
They set deadlines for
Be careful! We use object pronouns because nouns were objects in sentences. If they were subjects, it would have been like this:
The Second Person Object Pronouns
In English, both object pronouns for second person singular and second person plural are the same. Whether we want to address one person or a thousand people, the object pronoun is always you. Look at the following examples:
I want to tell
Here, the sentence is about a group of people in a class.
Here, only one person is addressed in the sentence.
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