What Are Subject Pronouns?
In English, the subject of a sentence is the person, animal, or thing that performs the action described by the verb. To avoid repeating nouns, subject pronouns (also known as subjective pronouns) are often used instead.
|Subject Pronouns (singular)
|Subject Pronouns (plural)
|3rd Person (F)
|3rd Person (M)
|3rd Person (N)
Now, let us look at the following examples:
As you can see in the table above, the subject pronouns for the second person singular and the second person plural are the same. However, to add emphasis when using the second person plural, the word 'all' can be added after the subject pronoun. Look at the example below:
Here the sentence is about a group of people.
Third Person Singular Subject Pronouns
As you can see, we have three subject pronouns for the third person singular form in the sentence. Look at the list below:
- He (Male)
- She (Female)
- It (Non-human)
How to Use Them
When we want to refer to humans or animals in sentences without repeating their names, we use subject pronouns. It's important to use the appropriate pronouns according to the subject's gender. Look at the following examples:
Most verbs in English are regular and remain the same regardless of the subject pronoun used. However, there is one exception to this rule. When using third-person singular subject pronouns, an '-s' is added to the end of the verb. By adding an '-s' to the end of the verb for third-person singular subjects, the verb agrees with the subject in terms of number and person. Look at the examples below:
parks their car…)
As you can see, the suffix 's' is only added to verbs with the third person singular pronouns.
In English, the suffix '-es' is added to some verb endings. These verbs mainly end with 'o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or, z, y.' Look at the following examples: