Subject Pronouns for intermediate learners

Pronouns that are used in the position of a subject in sentences are called subject pronouns. In this article, you find all your answers about subject pronouns.

Subject Pronouns in the English Grammar

What Are Subject Pronouns?

In English, the subject of a sentence is the person, animal, or thing that performs the action described by the verb. To avoid repeating nouns, subject pronouns (also known as subjective pronouns) are often used instead.

Subject Pronouns (singular) Subject Pronouns (plural)
1st Person I We
2nd Person You You
3rd Person (F) She They
3rd Person (M) He They
3rd Person (N) It They

Now, let us look at the following examples:

I can talk to my dad on the phone.

They must go to the university tomorrow.


As you can see in the table above, the subject pronouns for the second person singular and the second person plural are the same. However, to add emphasis when using the second person plural, the word 'all' can be added after the subject pronoun. Look at the example below:

You can all watch a movie together.

You all better be studying hard for your exams.

Here the sentence is about a group of people.

Third Person Singular Subject Pronouns

As you can see, we have three subject pronouns for the third person singular form in the sentence. Look at the list below:

  • He (Male)
  • She (Female)
  • It (Non-human)

How to Use Them

When we want to refer to humans or animals in sentences without repeating their names, we use subject pronouns. It's important to use the appropriate pronouns according to the subject's gender. Look at the following examples:

George is 23 years old. He is a writer.

Anna is a lawyer. She is a book worm.

Piggy is my cat. It has black eyes.

Regular Verbs

Most verbs in English are regular and remain the same regardless of the subject pronoun used. However, there is one exception to this rule. When using third-person singular subject pronouns, an '-s' is added to the end of the verb. By adding an '-s' to the end of the verb for third-person singular subjects, the verb agrees with the subject in terms of number and person. Look at the examples below:

She looks at the window.

They park their car in the garage.

(Not they parks their car…)

He wants to eat an ice cream now.

As you can see, the suffix 's' is only added to verbs with the third person singular pronouns.


In English, the suffix '-es' is added to some verb endings. These verbs mainly end with 'o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or, z, y.' Look at the following examples:

She teaches Russian in university.

He cries all the time. (cry + -es)


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Personal Pronouns

A personal pronoun is a word that substitutes a name to avoid repetition. Personal pronouns show us the grammatical person and gender of the name they refer to.

Object Pronouns

Pronouns that can take the place of an object are called object pronouns. In this article, you will get to know different kinds of object pronouns.

Demonstrative Pronouns

A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun mostly used to point to something based on its distance from the speaker. In English, these pronouns have four forms.

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns are used to show that the subject and object of a sentence are exactly the same person or thing or there is a direct connection between them.

Emphatic Pronouns

'Emphatic pronouns' are used to refer to a noun or a pronoun mentioned earlier. So they give more detailed information.
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