Phrasal Verbs for intermediate learners
Phrasal verbs are used very commonly in English, even more so in informal situations. Phrasal verbs consist of a verb and a preposition or a particle.
What Are Phrasal Verbs?
Phrasal verbs consist of two or more parts. These verbs have one verb and one or two particles added to the main verb to form the phrasal verb. Particles are mainly adverbs or prepositions. Below is a list of common phrasal verbs in English:
- Get up
- Take off
- Throw up
- Give up
- Break down
- Get on with
- Call off
- Do over
Now let us see how they are used in statements:
Be careful that particles do not come independently. They are a part of the phrasal verbs.
Types of Phrasal Verbs
These phrasal verbs can be categorized based on two important features listed below:
Some phrasal verbs can become separate from each other and an object comes between them. Take a look at the following examples:
Here, the object has come between the parts of the phrasal verb.
I want to
However, not all phrasal verbs are separable. Some of them cannot be separated in the statement. Pay attention to the following examples:
As I was looking for her in the library, I
Here, if you put the object in the middle of the phrasal verb, the sentence would make no sense.
You should seriously
These phrasal verbs are normally used together to have a specific meaning. If they are to be used completely independently, their meanings become different.
Another element based upon which phrasal verbs are categorized is whether they are transitive or Intransitive. When phrasal verbs take an object to be completed or do not need an object and are complete already, these verbs are put in different groups. Let us examine each group closely:
Transitive Phrasal Verbs
As the name suggests, these phrasal verbs must have an object. Otherwise, their meaning will be incomplete. Take a look at the examples below:
As you can see, if we remove the object, we cannot understand what the sentence is talking about.
Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
As their name suggests, these phrasal verbs are intransitive and do not need an object to complete their meaning. Let us look at some examples below:
Don't look! She is
We can talk whenever your anger
It is useful to know that phrasal verbs are mostly used in informal speech.