Singular and Plural Nouns for beginners

Anything that is just one in quantity is singular. But what if there is more than one? Nouns that are two or more are called plurals! Simple, yes? Let's see!

"Singular and Plural Nouns" in English Grammar

What Are Singular and Plural Nouns?

A singular noun refers to just one* person, place, thing, or idea. But a plural noun refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea.

Most plural nouns are formed by adding '-s' to the end of the nouns.

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
cat cats
boy boys
cup cups
pencil pencils
desk desks
apple apples


If a singular noun ends in s, x, z, ch, or sh, the plural form is created by adding "-es".

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
church churches
boss bosses
dish dishes
box boxes
quiz quizzes

If a singular noun ends in a consonant followed by "-y", the plural form is created by replacing the "-y" with "-ies".

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
city cities
baby babies

Irregular Nouns

Some nouns have irregular plural forms. For example:

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
man men
woman women
child children
tooth teeth
foot feet
fish fish
sheep sheep


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Nouns are among the first lessons when studying a new language. In other words, we have to be able to name things first, then make sentences with them.

Compound Nouns

Compound nouns are formed when two or more words are joined together to create a new word that has an entirely new meaning.

Proper and Common Nouns

Did you know there are two kinds of noun: common nouns and proper nouns. Common nouns refer to general nouns and proper nouns refer to specific nouns.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

It's important to know if a noun is countable or uncountable. This is going to help us to use the correct article. Let's learn more.

Collective Nouns

If we want to represent certain individual nouns as one entity we can make use of collective nouns. In this lesson, you'll learn about their structure and uses.

Possessive Nouns

Possessive structures have many functions like showing ownership or belonging. With the help of apostrophe 's', we can make a possessive noun. Let's start!
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