Singular and Plural Nouns for intermediate learners

Anything that is just one in quantity is singular. But what if there is more than one? Nouns that are two or more are called plurals! Simple, yes? Let's see!

"Singular and Plural Nouns" in English Grammar

What Are Singular and Plural Nouns?

In English, when we want to refer to one or more things, we use different forms of nouns. They are categorized as listed below:

  • Singular Nouns
  • Plural Nouns

Singular Nouns

When we want to talk about one item or person, we use a singular noun. It can be used with an indefinite article or a definite article. Look at the following examples:

She gave me a single black rose the other day.

As you can see, the sentence is about one item.

Julie wanted to wear a t-shirt.

Plural Nouns

When we want to refer to two or more objects, things, or people, we mainly use plural nouns. However, regular and irregular nouns have different plural forms.

Regular Nouns

  • We normally add an '-s' to the end of the nouns.

She reads 3 books every week.

  • When the noun ends in '-y', we remove the -y and add an '-ies' to it.

He took care of the babies himself.

  • When we have a singular noun that ends in '-o', we add an '-es' to it.

The tomatoes are on the table.

Please note that not all nouns with '-o' at the end will become plural like this.

Irregular Nouns

Some nouns are irregular and they completely change when they become plural. Let us learn some of them.


There are specific nouns in English that shape-shift when they become plural. You can memorize them from a dictionary. Take a look at the table below:

Singular Noun Plural Noun
Man Men
Mouse Mice
Woman Women
Person People
Foot Feet
Child Children

Unchanged Nouns

Some nouns remain the same when they change into plural form. Nothing is added to them or removed from them. Pay attention to the examples below:

There is too many fish here.

As you can see, the sentence is about a large amount of water but the noun is singular.

Do you like to see sheep on the way?


Please note that when we use a singular noun as the subject, the verb is also singular. When the subject is a plural noun, the verb is changed to the plural form accordingly. Look at the following examples:

The children are at the park.

( Not the children is ...)

The cat eats meat every day.

( Not the cat eat meat... )


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Nouns are among the first lessons when studying a new language. In other words, we have to be able to name things first, then make sentences with them.

Compound Nouns

Compound nouns are formed when two or more words are joined together to create a new word that has an entirely new meaning.

Proper and Common Nouns

Did you know there are two kinds of noun: common nouns and proper nouns. Common nouns refer to general nouns and proper nouns refer to specific nouns.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

It's important to know if a noun is countable or uncountable. This is going to help us to use the correct article. Let's learn more.

Collective Nouns

If we want to represent certain individual nouns as one entity we can make use of collective nouns. In this lesson, you'll learn about their structure and uses.

Possessive Nouns

Possessive structures have many functions like showing ownership or belonging. With the help of apostrophe 's', we can make a possessive noun. Let's start!

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