The part of a sentence that contains the verb and gives information about the subject is called the predicate. In this lesson, we will discuss it.
What Are Predicates?
Predicates can be:
- Simple predicates
- Complex predicates
- Compound predicates
A predicate can be just a single verb or the main verb and its auxiliaries that show the action in a sentence. It is used to show what the subject of the sentence does.
A complex predicate is a verb plus all its dependents (the modifying phrase) that completes the meaning of the sentence.
A complex predicate contains everything except the subject.
A compound predicate gives us two or more details about the same subject (typically without repeating the subject) and has two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction.
She went to Spain with her friends
In this example, 'she' is the subject and 'went to Spain with her friends' and 'visited all the famous tourist attractions' are the compound predicates joined by the conjunction 'and.'
They rushed to the hospital,
The following example does not have a compound predicate, because we have a compound sentence with two subjects.
Predicates with Linking Verbs
When the subject and the predicate are connected with a linking verb, the predicate is either nominal, adjectival or adverbial:
- Nominal predicates
- Adjectival predicates
- Adverbial predicates
A predicate nominative (also called a predicative noun) is a noun or group of nouns that comes after a linking verb and describes the subject.
A predicate nominative is always a noun or a pronoun.
An adjectival predicate (also called a predicative adjective) is an adjective that comes after a linking verb and describes the subject.
The baby is
That dress looks
A predicate adjective is different from an attributive adjective. Attributive adjectives normally come before the noun they modify.
An adverbial predicate consists of a preposition + noun or pronoun or adverb that immediately comes after a linking verb.
In this article, we discussed different kinds of predicates. So, what is a predicate? a predicate is everything in a standard declarative sentence except the subject. In other words, the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject is called the predicate.
There are three types of predicates in English:
- Simple predicate: can be just a single verb or the main verb and its auxiliaries
- Complex predicate: is a verb plus all its dependents
- Compound predicate: gives us two or more details about the same subject and has two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction
Predicates are put in three groups when it comes to using linking verbs.
- Nominal predicate: is a noun or group of nouns that comes after a linking verb.
- Adjectival predicate: is an adjective that comes after a linking verb.
- Adverbial predicate: consists of preposition + noun or pronoun or adverb that immediately comes after a linking verb.