Punctuation for intermediate learners

Punctuation is using special signs, and certain typographical devices to help the understanding and correct reading of written texts.

Punctuation Marks in English

What Is Punctuation?

In order to be able to read or write a text correctly, we must use some signs and marks; We call this punctuation. Take a look at the following list to get a glimpse of some of the common punctuation marks in English:

Now, let us see how each functions in sentences:

Full Stop

When we want to finish a sentence, we use a full stop or a period (.). Take a look at the following examples:

Diana is dead.

Professor Brown is not going to attend the class today.


Please note that the sentence that comes after this punctuation mark is always capitalized.


An apostrophe (') is mainly used when we combine two words with each other, and when we want to show possessive nouns.. Study the following examples carefully:

Those are Velvet's clothes.

Here, the apostrophe is used to show someone's belongings.

How could you steal Anna's bag?

What I want to do with my life isn't your business.

As you can see, 'is not' has been changed into one word.

Shouldn't she be doing her homework now?

Question and Exclamation Marks

When we want to ask a question, whether a yes/no or a 'yes/no, we must use a question mark (?) at the end of the sentence. Take a look at the following examples:

Are you going anywhere at this hour?

How is everything?

Another punctuation commonly used is the exclamation mark (!) that comes at the end of the sentences when we are showing emotions such as anger, surprise, etc. Study the following examples:

Such a pathetic person you are!

What a beautiful, blue sky!

Boy, have I gone mad!

Quotation Marks

When we want to deliver a direct speech or avoid repetition, we mainly use quotation marks (" "). Check out the following examples:

Mom said, "Clean your rooms."

Names of fathers
Anna Fredrick
Mia "
Sarah "


Comma (,) is used in many different contexts. However, we are going to learn some of them below:

World War I began on July 28th, 1914.

As you can see, comma is used when stating dates.

I want to buy lemon, apricot, apple, and banana from the market.

Here, commas are used among items in a list.

Technically, I do everything on my own.

Here, a comma is put immediately after an adverb.

Have you ever seen a tall, handsome, yet arrogant woman like her?

Here, commas are used between adjectives.


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Full Stops

A full stop or period is usually used to show the end of a sentence. In this lesson, we will learn all about this punctuation mark.

Question Marks and Exclamation Marks

Question mark and exclamation mark is used in the sentences to show their sense. They function in writing forms. Here we will get to their rules.


A comma indicates a pause between the words, phrases, and clauses. In this lesson, we will all the rules about this punctuation mark.

Colons and Semicolons

Colons and semi-colons are used to make it easy for us to understand and read a passage. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

Quotation Marks

Quotation marks are punctuations that are used to express a direct speech, phrase, or quotation. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

Hyphens and Dashes

Hyphens and dashes have to be used properly as punctuation marks to avoid confusion. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

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