'Under' is commonly used to express location. It functions as both a preposition and an adverb. In this lesson, we will discover all about them.
'Under' can act as both a preposition and an adverb. In this lesson, we will discuss how to learn and use it.
Functions of 'Under'
'Under' as a Preposition
One of the main uses of 'under' is to function as a preposition. Below, we are going to learn about the different prepositions it can be:
'Under' as a Preposition of Place
'Under' can be a preposition of place. Look below:
- When we want to indicate that something is in a lower position than something else. Look:
The dog is hiding
I'm standing right
- We can use 'under' to state that a particular plant is growing across a land in geography. Take a look:
The fields are
- When a particular book or a piece of writing is under a particular title or section, we can find it in that category. Look:
Arthurian Legends come
- When we are working under someone in a company, an organization, etc. and they have a higher position than us. Look:
Our manager has a staff of twelve working
Here, the sentence indicates that the manager has twelve employees.
At Yale, they studied
Here, it means that they were Dr. Lewis's students.
- When something happens under a specific leadership, government, etc. it happens when that person/group is in power. Look:
Thousands of people were killed
Here, it is inferred that under Mussolini's reign thousands of people were killed.
What difference would it have made if it were
'Under' as a Preposition of Manner
'Under' can also be a preposition of manner. Look below to understand more:
- When we want to indicate that something is less than others in degree, or amount. Look:
If your IELTS band score is
All shoes cost
- When we want to indicate that we are experiencing something, especially difficult, we use 'under'. Look:
With all the crises in the world, we are all
Look, you're not the only one
- When we want to signify that something is according to an agreement/law, we use 'under':
Position in a Sentence
As you know, prepositions always come before nouns or noun phrases, We can have a prepositional phrase at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of sentences. Look:
Your little car is
Here, we have a prepositional phrase at the end of the sentence.
Alfredo sauce is
Here, we have a prepositional phrase in the beginning of the sentence.
Please note that whenever we have a prepositional phrase at the beginning of the sentence, we must put a comma after it. Also when e have a prepositional phrase in the middle, we must have two commas both before and after it. Look:
Here, we have a prepositional phrase at the beginning of the sentence.
'Under' as an Adverb
Another use of 'under' is to function as an adverb. Below, we are going to learn all about it:
'Under' as an Adverb of Place
When we want to indicate that something/someone is in a lower position, we use 'under' as an adverb of place:
Every time I swim, I really enjoy going
Position in a Sentence
Since 'under' is an adverb here, it mainly comes after verbs or other adverbs to modify them. Look:
Under vs. Underneath
Both of these words are used when we want to state that something is below the surface of something/someone else. However, 'underneath' is used when we want to emphasize that something is covered, hidden, etc. Look at the following examples:
My papers were
Here, it means that the cat was lying on the papers.
The guitar is
Idioms with 'Under'
We have several idioms with 'under' in English. Let us learn all about them below:
- Under attack, consideration, etc: This one is used to show when people are in danger or that a decision must be thought about. Look:
The whole village is
Your proposal is
- Under anesthetic, sedation, etc: when someone is treated in a specific way, we use 'under'. Look:
Sarah's sister has been kept
No one can have an operation without being
- Be under the impression, belief, etc: When we believe in something or are influenced by something/someone, often in a wrong way, we use this one. Look:
Wasn't your father
Pardon me sir, but I firmly insist that you are
- Be under orders: When someone is ordered to do something, we use this expression. Take a look:
He repels women in public but is
- Go under: We can use this one to state that something/someone is sinking and also when we are overwhelmed and fail to do something. Look:
Evanescence has a deeply painful song called 'I'm
The ship is