What Is a Prepositional Phrase?
Prepositional Phrase: Structure
preposition + noun/pronoun/gerund/clause
Most Common Prepositions in a Prepositional Phrase
Here are some of the most common preposition that begin prepositional phrases:
Prepositional Phrases: Types
When a prepositional phrase modifies a noun, it is acting as an adjective, because adjectives modify nouns.
A prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective is called an adjectival phrase.
In this sentence, 'with the leather cover' answers the question of which notebook the speaker says is theirs.
The love letters are in the box
In this example, 'under the bed' gives us information about where the box is.
Here, 'next to the black one' tells us which dress the speaker wants to buy.
All adjectival phrases give us specific information about a noun to modify and describe the noun in more detail.
When a prepositional phrase modifies a verb or other adverbs, it is acting as an adverb, because adverbs modify verbs or other adverbs.
A prepositional phrase that acts as an adverb is called an adverbial phrase.
A cozy place to sleep is
With nominal prepositional phrases, usually, we have an implied or understood noun in front of the prepositional phrase.
A cozy place to sleep is (the place)
The Object of a Preposition
The object of a preposition can in fact be another prepositional phrase. The resulting sequence of two prepositions is considered a complex preposition.
In this example, with the modifiers 'the' and 'big,' and 'plastic', the object of the preposition is a noun phrase.
You can place an adverb before a gradable preposition, especially prepositions of time or place, to modify it.
We stayed up talking far
The antique store you're looking is just
A prepositional phrase can also be used as a complement of a verb. Verbs that require a specific preposition to introduce the complement of them are called 'phrasal verbs (also known as prepositional verbs).'
Sometimes a particle is used before the preposition. This verb structure is called 'phrasal prepositional verbs.' Their meaning is often not related to the meaning of the original verb.
More than one prepositional phrase may act as an adjunct to the same word.
Prepositional phrases are made of a preposition and another term. As a result, they make a phrase. Prepositional phrases are mostly:
- adverbial phrases
- adjectival phrases