What Are Correlative Conjunctions?
Correlative conjunctions are in pairs and are used to join words, phrases, or clauses. They get their name from the fact that they work together (co-) and relate one sentence element to another.
Correlative Conjunctions in English
In the list below, you can see correlative conjunctions in English:
How to use Correlative Conjunctions?
As mentioned before, we can use a correlative conjunction to join words, phrases, and clauses. Check the table below to know how to use them to join different parts of a sentence.
|Conjunctions to join words and phrases||Conjunctions to join clauses|
|not only/but also||not only/but also|
Look at the examples below:
I see that you went for
You can come
The trip was
I don’t know
Each morning either the dog or the birds
Here, 'birds' is a plural subject in the second part, so you must use a plural verb.
Each morning either the birds or the dog
Here, 'the dog' is a singular subject in the second part, so you must use a singular verb.
If we connect two names that come before a pronoun (which are called antecedents) with correlative conjunctions, the second name agrees with the pronoun that follows.
Neither Sara nor her friends could hide
Neither her friends nor Sara could hide
Although grammatically correct, it may sound a bit weird to a native speaker. To make it sound natural, use the plural antecedent in the second position so that you can then choose the natural 'their'.
Sometimes, with correlative conjunction pairs like 'not only/but also', people don't know whether to use a comma or not. If you're one of those people, the basic rule is: Do NOT use commas with correlative conjunctions. But, like many rules, it has exceptions:
If the second conjunction comes before an independent clause, use a comma.
'Both/and' join either two subjects or two objects. Look at the examples:
We use either/or to connect things which are the same grammatical type, e.g. words, phrases, clauses. When either/or is used with two singular nouns, the verb can be singular or plural. A plural verb is more informal. If any of the elements are plural, the verb is plural.
'Neither/nor' is the opposite of 'either/or'. We use it to make negative statements joining two things or ideas.
When neither/nor is used with two singular nouns, the verb can be singular or plural. A plural verb is more informal. If any of the elements are plural, the verb is plural.
Be careful! Neither/nor has a negative role in the sentence. Do not to use a double negative with them.
We talked about
'Whether/Or' is used to express a choice between two possibilities.
He doesn't know
When one of these possibilities has a negative structure, we can use three different alternatives:
She has to take that job offer
Not Only/But Also
'Not only/but also' connects nouns or entire clauses. It's used to emphasize that something else is also true. The second half of 'Not only/but also' can be split apart. But you cannot split 'Not only'.
'As...so' or more informally 'just as...so' is used to compare two people or things, when they are similar.
'Not/but' connects nouns or entire clauses. It's used to emphasize that something else is true and the other one is not.
I see that you went for
As you know, conjunctions connect clauses, phrases, or nouns. Correlative conjunctions are used with clauses of the same importance. Correlative conjunctions work together and we need them in different parts of clauses.
Look at the following table to get to know correlative conjunctions.
|1. both/and||5. not only/but also|
|2. either/or||6. as/so|
|3. neither/nor||7. as/as|
|4. whether/or||8. not/but|
Look at some examples to be more clarified.