Countable and Uncountable Nouns for beginners

It's important to know if a noun is countable or uncountable. This is going to help us to use the correct article. Let's learn more.

Diffrence between "Countable and Uncountable Nouns" in English Grammar

What Are Countable Nouns?

Nouns that can be counted and used with a number are known as countable nouns. Countable nouns have both singular and plural forms.

  • 1 apple, 2 apples
  • 15 cats, 3 dogs
  • 1 car, 2 spoons

Take these apples.

Give me a pen.

I need five more balls.

Using Countable Nouns in a Sentence

What Are Uncountable Nouns?

Uncountable nouns cannot be counted and therefore only have a singular form. Additionally, they cannot be used with numbers.

  • Butter (Not 1 butter)
  • Rice (Not 2 rices)
  • Honey (Not 3 honeys)

My hair is dark.

I'm eating honey and bread.

Using Singular and Plural Verbs

When using nouns as subjects, it's important to use singular verbs with singular nouns and plural verbs with plural nouns. Pay attention to the examples:

Your eyes are blue.

The jam was sweet.

A glass is on the table.

Common Uncountable Nouns

Here is a list of common uncountable nouns:

  • Water
  • Air
  • Sugar
  • Tea
  • Rice
  • Butter
  • Milk
  • Rain
  • Weather
  • Money

Asking about Countable and Uncountable Nouns

When forming questions, how many is used with countable nouns, and how much is used with uncountable nouns.

How many chairs are there?

How much juice is there?

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Compound Nouns

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Compound nouns are formed when two or more words are joined together to create a new word that has an entirely new meaning.

Proper and Common Nouns

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Did you know there are two kinds of noun: common nouns and proper nouns. Common nouns refer to general nouns and proper nouns refer to specific nouns.

Singular and Plural Nouns

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Anything that is just one in quantity is singular. But what if there is more than one? Nouns that are two or more are called plurals! Simple, yes? Let's see!

Collective Nouns

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If we want to represent certain individual nouns as one entity we can make use of collective nouns. In this lesson, you'll learn about their structure and uses.

Possessive Nouns

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Possessive structures have many functions like showing ownership or belonging. With the help of apostrophe 's', we can make a possessive noun. Let's start!

Gerunds

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Gerunds are words derived from verbs that act as nouns. All gerunds include a verb and -ing. In this lesson, we will learn more about them.
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