What Is Negation?
Negation refers to the process of expressing the opposite or negative meaning of a word or sentence. It is used to deny, negate, or contradict information that has been previously stated or assumed.
Now, let us see how each group functions:
Keep in mind that we use these negative markers in affirmative sentences. Take a look at the following example:
(We don't say 'Nobody
isn't at home...')
Adverbs can also be used to negate the meaning of sentences. The most common negative adverb is 'not'. However, there are others such as 'hardly', 'scarcely', 'never', etc. Let us examine some of them in the examples below:
The first thing to remember when using negative adverbs is that they are used with affirmative verbs. The second important point to remember is that when they are used at the beginning of the sentence, the subject and the verb switch places. Analyze the following example:
Now, let us see how we can use some of them with different clauses:
Negative Auxiliary Verbs
We can simply negate auxiliary verbs by adding 'not' to them. Study the following examples:
As you can see, the main verb is not affected.
Negative Interrogative Clauses
In order to negate questions, all you have to do is either negate the auxiliary verb or use a negative marker. Take a look at the following examples:
Here, because there is a negative marker in the question, the verb is affirmative.
We can also negate imperative sentences. Study the following examples:
Stop this! →
Open the window. →
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Negation: Verbs & Clauses
Negation is the process that turns an affirmative statement into a negative one. In this lesson, we will learn about ways of creating negative sentences.
Negation: Nouns & Pronouns
In this lesson, we will learn about negative structures with nouns and pronouns. Do we have negative pronouns? How can we make a negative noun?