'Through' is a word in English that may confuse learners at first sight. It functions as a preposition, an adverb, and an adjective.
'Through' can function as a preposition, an adverb, and an adjective. In this lesson, we will discuss how to learn and use it.
'Through' as a Preposition
One of the most common uses of 'through' is to function as a preposition. We are going to analyze the different types of prepositions it can be below:
'Through' as a Preposition of Movement
- When we want to indicate that someone/something is passing from one side of a place to the other, we can use 'through':
The teenagers slowly walked
The monster suddenly ran
- When we want to talk about something that is being broken or cut, we can use 'through'. Look:
The naughty boys shot the ball right
My mother dropped the vase
- When we want to talk about going into a passage, a door, etc. to get to the other end of it:
Why can't they just go
- We can also use 'through' to talk about going past a place, where we should normally stop:
The driver drove
My father was so angry that we walked
'Through' as a Preposition of Time
'Through' can be used as a preposition of time to indicate the time of the action taking place. When we want to show a period of time from its beginning to its end, we can use it. Study the following examples:
He slept tight
Here, it can be inferred that he was not disturbed during his sleep from the beginning till the end.
The couple next door literally argued all
'Through' as a Preposition of Manner
As you might probably know, prepositions of manner indicate how the action is done. Here, we are going to study how we can use 'through' to show us a method in the sentence:
I heard the devastating news
Here, if we ask 'how?', we can easily find the answer with the preposition.
Did Anna find it out
'Through' as a Particle
Sometimes, 'through' is used with some specific verbs and changes their meaning completely and so it forms phrasal verbs. Below we will analyze them all:
- See through: When 'through' comes with this verb, it can be used in two ways: One is to show that we are looking through something like a glass, window, etc. The other is to be cautious so as not to be deceived by lies. Take a look:
Here, it is inferred that Melanie will no longer be deceived by that person.
Here, the sentence indicates that he/she is looking from one side of the window to its other.
- When someone has undergone an experience, we can use verbs such as 'guide', 'be', 'come', etc. with 'through':
Your spirit animal will
Although it's not visible to the eye, I have
- We can indicate the reason of something by using 'through'. Here, we mainly use the verb 'lose':
What did you
Here, the sentence shows that something has lost some things because of a particular relationship they had with someone.
How many holidays are you going to
- When we want to talk about matches and competitions in which people get from one stage to another, we can use 'through' with verbs such as 'get' and 'make':
How could she
I'm so glad my daughter
Position in a Sentence
Whether we are using 'through' with an action verb or not, it mainly comes after the main verb of the sentence. If the verb is a transitive verb one, we must put the preposition and its accompanying noun after the direct object, and if we have an intransitive verb, we put the preposition and its noun after the main verb. Look:
I still don't understand how Maggie made it
Here, since 'make' is a transitive verb, we use 'through' after the direct object.
The children should just go
Here, 'go' is an intransitive verb.
'Through' as an Adverb
'Through' can also function as an adverb. Below was will see the kinds of adverbs it can be used as:
'Through' as an Adverb of Time
We can use 'through' to indicate that the action of the verb continues to the end of a period. So, it is an adverb of time. It is used to show a process in a particular period of time. Study the following examples:
Marianna's project has made her cancel all her plans
Here, 'through' is functioning as an adverb of time, showing a process happening in a period of time.
My friend will be travelling
'Through' as an Adverb of Movement
'through' can also be used as an adverb of movement. It indicates moving from one side of something to the other side of it. So, it is used with an action verb. Study the following examples:
The police won't open the gates because people will rush
I gasped at how sudden he hurried
Position in a Sentence
There are armed forces to not let people come streaming
Please note that when we begin a sentence with an adverbial phrase, we must put a comma after the phrase. Take a look:
'Through' as an Adjective
We can also use 'through' as an adjective. It is a pre-positive attributive adjective because it comes before a noun to show that it is continuing and directed towards a destination or end. Study the following examples:
This is a
Here, it means that this is a direct train that is headed towards Las Vegas.
Where can I find a
Position in a Sentence
Since pre-positive attributive adjectives come before nouns, we must always make sure that we put 'though' as an adjective, before the noun it represents. Take a look:
Here, the adjective has been used in the beginning of the sentece.
Sorry madam but you cannot find a
Idioms and Expressions with 'Through'
We have a few expressions with 'through' and we will learn all about them below:
- Be through to something: We use this idiom when we are successful in an exam, a competition, etc:
They have all