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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Punishment

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Punishment, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
gas chamber
[noun]
a sealed room or chamber where poisonous gas is introduced to execute condemned individuals, typically used as a method of capital punishment
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corporal punishment
[noun]
the physical punishment of people, especially of children or convicts
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solitary confinement
[noun]
the practice of isolating a prisoner in a small, often windowless cell, with minimal human contact or environmental stimulation, as a form of punishment or for security reasons
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retribution
[noun]
a severe punishment for a serious crime that someone has committed
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restitution
[noun]
a monetary amount paid to someone as compensation for loss, damage, or injury caused by someone else's wrongdoing, criminal behavior, or negligence
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warden
[noun]
the official in charge of a prison or correctional facility, responsible for overseeing the administration, security, and well-being of inmates
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executioner
[noun]
‌a person, especially an official, whose role or job is to kill convicted people as a means of punishment
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reprieve
[noun]
a temporary postponement or cancellation of a punishment
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committal
[noun]
the formal act of sending a person to a mental health facility, prison, or similar institution, often following legal proceedings
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firing squad
[noun]
a group of individuals, typically soldiers or law enforcement officers, designated to carry out a military or legal execution by firing bullets at a condemned person simultaneously
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to retaliate
[verb]
to make a counterattack or respond in a similar manner
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to stone
[verb]
to execute or punish someone by throwing stones at them
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to flog
[verb]
to beat someone harshly using a rod or whip
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to lynch
[verb]
to kill someone without legal approval
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to mutilate
[verb]
to cause severe damage or harm
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to incarcerate
[verb]
to confine someone in prison or a similar facility due to legal reasons or as a form of punishment
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to forfeit
[verb]
to no longer be able to access a right, property, privilege, etc. as a result of violating a law or a punishment for doing something wrong
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to confiscate
[verb]
to officially take away something from someone, usually as punishment
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guillotine
[noun]
a device for beheading, featuring a tall frame with a suspended blade released to swiftly sever the condemned person's head
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