The Difference between 'They' and 'Them'
'They' and 'them' are both third-person plural pronouns and refer to plural nouns. But what is their main difference? Let's find out!
They vs. Them
Main Similarity and Difference
'They' and 'them' are both third-person plural pronouns and refer to plural nouns. However, there is a significant difference between the two:
One is a subject pronoun and the other is an object pronoun.
They: Subject Pronoun
'They' is a third person pronoun. It is used as the subject of a verb. 'They' refers to a group of people, animals, or things.
The Singular They
'They' is used instead of he or she to refer to a person with unidentified or unknown gender. This is called the 'singular they'.
Every person must know they are appreciated .
We can use 'they' to refer to people in general or when we want to state a general fact.
Them: Object Pronoun
'Them' is a third-person pronoun. It is used as the object of a verb or preposition or as a predicative after the verb be.
The Singular Them
You use 'them' instead of 'him or her' to refer to a person without explicitly stating whether that person is a male or a female.
You use 'them' to refer to a non-binary person who wants to be referred to as 'they' and 'them'.
'Them' instead of 'Those'
Sometimes in colloquial and spoken language (in non-standard English) people use 'them' instead of 'those'. It is grammatically incorrect, so don't use it in formal or written English.