What Are None-finite Clauses?
Non-finite clauses are clauses that do not have a finite verb, meaning they are not limited by tense and do not contain a subject that is bound by agreement with the verb.
Non-finite Clauses: Types
There are different types of non-finite clauses in English, including:
Now, let us analyze each:
Infinitives as Non-finite Clauses
Infinitives are a type of non-finite clause because they do not have a finite verb and are subordinate to an independent clause. They are often used to express purpose, intention, or obligation and must typically follow an independent clause to form a complete and meaningful sentence. Look at the following examples:
As you can see, if we remove the independent clause, the sentence will remain incomplete.
Jimmy thought it best
Participles as Non-finite Clauses
Participles, both past, and present, are also categorized as non-finite clauses. They are subordinate and they must always come with an independent clause to be complete. Look at the following examples:
Here, the present participle will make no sense if it is alone.
Here, we have a past participle clause in the sentence.
Non-finite Clauses: Uses
Non-finite clauses serve different functions in a sentence, such as:
Now, let us see some examples:
As the subject
As the object
The Mathers just sat there
As an adverbial
It is a
Here, we have a present participle as an adjective.
She is a girl
Here, we have an infinitive verb as an adjective.
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