What Are Their Main Differences?
'Each' refers to one individual in a group of two or more people or things; while 'both' refers to two people or things In a group of two members.
- As a determiner
- As a pronoun
- As an adverb
As you know, determiners are used before nouns, 'each' is no different and as a determiner, it is used before nouns. 'Each' as a pronoun is used alone without any noun following it. Adverbs are words that can modify adjectives other adverbs or sometimes they give more information about the verb. 'Each' can be an adverb, too.
They put two boxes beside us and we took one item from
- As a determiner
- As a pronoun
- As a conjunction
'Both' as a determiner is used before nouns and as a pronoun, it is used alone with no nouns following it. As conjunction, 'both' is always followed by the term 'and' that we will discuss in this article.
The doctor did a surgery on
Singular or Plural Nouns?
is followed by a singular noun. And as a result, it is used with a singular verb.
is followed by a plural noun or a singular noun which is joined to another singular noun by the term 'and'. In both cases, we are supposed to use a plural verb with the term 'both.'
What They mean
means 'every of' things or people. We can use 'each' to refer to every one of the individuals in a group when the members of the group are two or even more than two.
We had five dollars,
means two. We use the term 'both' to refer to two things or people at the same time together. Remember, we cannot use the term 'both' when there are more than two members in a group.
I had salmon and the shrimp,
Both + Adjective + and + Adjective
In some cases, adjectives are used after 'both.' Since we cannot make adjectives plural we can link them by the term 'and.' In this case, you are allowed to use a singular verb with the term 'both.' Check out the examples!
The man is
The movie we have watched last night was
Both of and Each of
- 'Each of' and 'both of':
We are not allowed to use plural nouns or pronouns immediately after the term each.As a result, we use this structure: [ each of + determiner + plural noun] or [ each of + pronoun]. On the contrary, we can use a plural noun immediately after the term 'both,' but whenever we want to use a 'determiner and a plural noun' or a 'plural pronoun,' we can use the phrase 'both of', however, both can be used alone before [determiners + plural nouns] the general structures are: [both + plural noun], [both of + determiner + plural noun], or [both of + plural pronoun].
Check out the table for more clarification.
|both mothers||✓||each mothers||✗|
|both of them||✓||each of them||✓|
|both them||✗||each them||✗|
|both of my sisters||✓||each of my sisters||✓|
|both my aunts||✓||each my aunts||✗|
Now let us take a look at examples to get to know the usage of these structures in a sentence.
There were lots of balloons at the party,
- 'Each' and 'both'
cannot be used in negative sentences. We mean you cannot use them in sentences that include the term *not. So, what if we want to refer to two things in a group or at the same time? The answer to this question is clear. As you know, 'neither' in positive sentences and 'either' in negative sentences imply a negative meaning. So, we can use them instead of 'both' and 'Each.'
Each of them is not fit enough.")
Both her husband and her father didn't have brown eyes.")