Each vs. Both

'Both' and 'each' have two different meanings which makes them easy to understand.

What Are Their Main Differences?

'Each' refers to one individual in a group of two or more people or things; while 'both' refers to two people or things In a group of two members.


Grammatical Functions

  • 'Each':

can have different grammatical functions.

  1. As a determiner
  2. As a pronoun
  3. As an adverb
  • 'Both':

can have different grammatical functions.

  1. As a determiner
  2. As a pronoun

Singular or Plural Nouns?

  • 'Each':

is followed by a singular noun.

Each member should sign the contract.

  • 'Both':

is followed by a plural noun or a singular noun which is joined to another singular noun by the term 'and'.

Both brands are good enough to worth the price.

Both Chicago and Havana are suitable for a nice vacation.

How Different Verbs Are Used after Both and Each

  • 'Each':

is followed by a singular verb.

Each girl was standing behind the door to try on the shoes.

  • 'Both':

is followed by a plural verb.

Both films are exciting.


Both of and Each of

  • 'Each of' and 'both of':

are used before determiners (noun phrases), and pronouns.

Both of them ordered sushi.

Each of our teachers is making the students get ready for the exams.

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