Each vs. Every

It is usually correct to use both, ‘each’ or ‘every’, but they have slightly different meanings.

What Are Their Differences?

'Each' is used when we are thinking about the people or things in a group individually, one by one.
'Every' is used when we are thinking about the whole group of people or things with no exceptions.

Differences

Grammatical Functions

  • 'Each':

can have different grammatical functions.

  • As a determiner: it is used before a noun.

His uncle carried two bags in each hand. → determiner

  • As a pronoun: it is used with no nouns afterwards.

We each paid our own money. → pronoun

  • As an adverb: it is used to modify an adjective, an adverb, or a verb.

The socks cost 30$ each. → determiner

  • 'Every':

has only one grammatical function.

  • As a determiner: it is always followed by a noun.

I enjoyed every minute with him. → determiner

How to Use 'Every' and 'Each' with a Plural Pronoun or Noun

  • 'Each':

is followed by of before a plural pronoun or noun. However, we use a singular verb even in this structure.

Each of them is put in its own place.

  • 'Every':

cannot be followed by of immediately, but we can use every one of them. However, we use a singular verb even in this structure.

Every one of them is going to try on the shoes.

Singular or Plural Nouns

  • 'Each':

is followed by a singular noun.

I read each article in the essay. They were all wonderful. → determiner

  • 'Every':

is followed by a singular noun.

Every doctor is a hero who deserves respect. → determiner

Following Verbs

  • 'Each' and 'every':

are followed by a singular verb.

Each player tries for the team.

Every family has their own rules.

Tip!

'Every' and 'each' are usually used with singular determiners or pronouns, but we can use singular (they, them, their, theirs) with them.

Each human should live their life without damaging others.

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