# Geavanceerde Woordenschat voor de TOEFL - Vormen

Hier leer je enkele Engelse woorden over vormen, zoals "diagonaal", "prisma", "ovaal", enz. die nodig zijn voor het TOEFL-examen.

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asymmetry

(geometry) a lack of symmetry or equivalence in shape or size between the two sides or parts of something

asymmetrie

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
asymmetric

not having identical parts facing each other or around an axis

asymmetrisch

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symmetric

having identical parts facing each other or around an axis

symmetrisch

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
geometric

connected with the branch of mathematics that deals with the relationships between lines, angles and surfaces

geometrisch

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
hemisphere

either half of a sphere

halfrond

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diagonal

(of a straight line) joining opposite corners of a flat shape at an angle

diagonaal

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crescent

a curved shape with narrow points at the ends that appears wider in the middle, like the shape of the moon in its first and last quarters

halvemaanvormig

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
arc

a curved shape, or something shaped this way

boog

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
axis

(geometry) an arbitrary straight line that passes through the center of a symmetrical object or around which an object spins

Cartesisch coördinatenstelsel

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perimeter

the total length of the external boundary of something

omtrek (geometrie)

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
semicircle

any half of a circle

halve cirkel

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
cylinder

(geometry) a solid or hollow shape with two circular bases at each end and straight parallel sides

cilinder vorm

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
prism

(geometry) a solid figure with flat sides and two parallel ends of the same size and shape

prisma

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
triangular

shaped like a triangle, with three sides and three angles

driehoekig

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spiral

having a shape that winds around a central point or axis

spiraal

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
concentric

describing circles, arcs, or rings that have the same center

concentrisch

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
oblong

a rectangular figure that has unequal adjacent sides with arched angles

rechthoekige figuur met gebogen hoeken

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
oval

a shape that is wide in the middle and narrow at both ends

ovaal

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pentagon

a geometric shape with five angles and five straight sides

vijfhoek

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
zigzag

(geometry) a shape that consists of a line alternating its direction to left and right

zigzag

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
concave

having a surface that is curved inward

gebogen

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
convex

having a surface that is curved outward

gebogen

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
helix

(geometry) a line curved on a conical or cylindrical surface, like a spiral staircase in shape

schroef

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
hexagon

(geometry) a closed shape with six straight sides and six angles

zeshoek

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
polygon

(geometry) a flat shape consisting of three or more straight sides

veelhoek

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
octagon

(geometry) a polygon consisting of eight straight sides and eight angles

achthoek

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
rhombus

(geometry) a flat shape with four equal sides in which opposite angles are equal

ruit

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
rhomboid

(geometry) a parallelogram with four straight sides and no right angles

parallellogram

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
conical

resembling a cone in shape

conisch

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
cubic

resembling a cube in shape

kubieke

[bijvoeglijk naamwoord]
curl

something that resembles a spiral or coil

spiraal

[zelfstandig naamwoord]
lozenge

(geometry) a figure with four sides and two opposite angles more than 90° and two of less than 90°

ruit

[zelfstandig naamwoord]