What Are their Main Differences?
These words refer to only one choice, but there are slight differences between them. Actually, the main difference is that 'either' is used to refer to only 'one' choice out of a group of two options, while 'any' is used to refer to only 'one' choice out of a group of more than two options. If you want to learn more about them follow the article.
Interrogative, Affirmative, or Negative Sentences?
is used in negative sentences with negative verbs when it is used to agree with a statement that was mentioned earlier. In other functions, for example when it refers to one of the two things, it can also be used in affirmative sentences.
"She is not in charge of this company. I am not
is used in interrogative, negative, and positive sentences. 'Any' can have the same meaning as each to refer to only one thing in positive sentences, while it means a small amount or number when it is used in negative or interrogative sentences.
There are not
You can have
Nouns That Follow Either and Any
is followed only by a singular countable noun. It means we cannot use uncountable or plural nouns after it.
can be followed by all kinds of nouns in different situations. In negative and interrogative sentences it can be used before uncountable or plural countable nouns, but in positive sentences, it is mostly used before singular countable nouns.
One can have
Here, 'impression' is a singular countable noun.
There is not
Here, 'milk' is an uncountable noun.
There are not
Here, 'students' is a plural countable noun.
can act like both determiner and pronoun. As a determiner, 'either' is used before singular nouns to define them and as a pronoun, it is used directly before verbs with no nouns after 'either.' 'Either' as adverb is used to agree with a sentence which was said before.
"Which one is your favorite?" "
can act as both a determiner and a pronoun. As a determiner, it is used before singular or plural countable and uncountable nouns to define them, and as a pronoun, it is used alone before the verbs.
"Who has some sugar? I want to drink coffee." "Sorry, I don't have
She does not like the history teacher. I don't
Any as an Adverb
'Any' as an adverb is used before adjectives and adverbs to mean at all especially in American English.
Apologizing cannot make it
This chair is not
Either of and Any of
is followed by 'of' when it is used before noun phrases or pronouns. Remember whether the noun is plural or not, the verb after either is used in the singular form.
is followed by 'of' when it is used before noun phrases or pronouns. 'Any of' is followed by either singular or plural verb. Using a plural verb is less formal and using a singular verb is more formal and technically correct.
I do not believe
Any as a Pronoun or Determiner
'Any' as a pronoun is more likely to be plural, while as a determiner, it refers to individuals and it is singular, but it is not a strict rule and it can be flexible depending on what the speaker or writer means.